“On July 16, 1969 the world watched in anticipation as three men were hurtled skyward in a rocket bound for the moon.” (news.nationalgeographic.com). This was the Apollo 11 spacecraft, the first successful manned mission to the moon. This mission was the product of the space race (race to see who would go into outer space first, against the Soviet Union). This goal was set by President John F. Kennedy on May 25, 1961 and he promised that we would be the first to step on the moon by the end of the decade. The Apollo 11 mission is often cited as the greatest achievement in human history. (news.nationalgeographic.com)
The space race was the product of the Cold War. It was an effort to prove technological superiority but on the other hand, it was also feared on both sides that weapons of mass destruction will be placed in orbit. In 1957, the Soviet Union sent the 184 pound Sputnik 1 satellite into Earth’s orbit. It was the first artificial satellite and the first manmade object to be placed into Earth’s orbit. Following that, they also sent the first animal into space, Laika the dog. In 1958, the United Sates also launched their first satellite into orbit, dubbed Explorer 1. The Soviet space program advanced once again in 1959. The Soviet Union launched Luna 2, which was the first space probe to hit the moon. In April 1961, the Soviet Union had the ultimate success, sending the first human into space. The name of the Russian cosmonaut was Yuri Gagarin, who made a 108 minute suborbital flight in a Vostok 1 spacecraft. One month after that, Alan Shepard became the American in space aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft. Continuing from there, each nation step...
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...tronauts, which were carried to the surface of the moon with them. One flag was dedicated to the House of Representatives and the other to the Senate. (en.wikipedia.org)
Before the splashdown of Apollo 11, Aldrin said, "We feel this stands as a symbol of the insatiable curiosity of all mankind to explore the unknown." (space.about.com) The mission was accomplished and Kennedy’s dream was fulfilled. America was the first to send men to the moon and return them safely to the earth. (space.about.com)
"Apollo 11." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 21 Apr. 2014. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
Anne, Minard,"Apollo 11 at 40: Facts, Myths, Photos, and More." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 20 July 2009. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
Green, Nick. "Apollo 11 Mission - First Humans on the Moon." About.com Space / Astronomy. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014.
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