Apollo 11 and the Moon Landing
APUSH Period 6
May 8, 2016
Apollo 11 's flight is one of the most significant achievements in history, not only for the United States of America but the world. Apollo 11 would make history by having a man land and walk on the moon. The United States was involved in a competition to be the first nation to send a man into space with the Soviet Union. After the Soviets first accomplished that, it became apparent that the primary goal of the "Space Race" would be to land a man on the moon first.
The Space Race between the Soviet Union and the United States began when the Soviet Union launched a satellite into the earth’s orbit, called Sputnik, on October 4, 1957. The Soviets also put the first man in space. Soviet Astronaut Yuri Gagarin orbited the Earth on April 12, 1961 ("The Space Race"). With America embarrassed by the Soviets, President John F. Kennedy wanted the United States to show the world that America was more advanced with their scientific abilities. President Kennedy addressed the problem to Congress on May 25, 1961, when he said: "This nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth ("NASA Moon Landing").
The United States developed its first manned space program, named Project Mercury. The program consisted of six crewed missions, which began in 1958 and ended in 1963. The second human spaceflight program, which was carried out by the recently established National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), was called Project Gemini. Starting in 1961, Gemini was used to practice space rendezvous and extravehicular activity, more commo...
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...only did the Apollo 11 landing and Moonwalk mark a turning point in history that ended the space race, it also lead to technology advancements in rocketry, avionics, telecommunications, and computers. The world would never be the same after the Apollo 11 mission. The United States would become known as a superpower around the world and the lives of future generations would changed be forever.
Aldrin, Buzz, and Ken Abraham. Magnificent Desolation: The Long Journey Home from the Moon. New York: Harmony, 2009. Print.
"Apollo 11 Mission Overview." NASA. NASA, n.d. Web. 04 May 2016. .
Barbree, Jay. Neil Armstrong: A Life of Flight. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
"The Space Race." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 01 Jan. 2010. Web. 04 May 2016. .
"NASA Moon Landing." - John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2016. .
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