Scientists define GE as “the artificial recombination of [DNA] in the test tube, their insertion into a… vector system, and the subsequent incorporation of the chimeric molecules into a host organism in which they are capable of continued propagation… usually [involving] the production of novel genetic combinations by biochemical means” (Mulligan). Using various techniques, scientists can splice DNA from one organism and place it into another in order to give the DNA recipient desirable characteristics. GE gives scientists an unprecedented amount of control over nature—although breeding has allowed humans to slowly weed out undesired traits, it operates at a much slower pace and only for macroscopic organisms. The control that GE gives scientists allows them to manipulate species of any size and create organisms highly unlikely to occur in nature. ...
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Epstein, Ron. “Redesigning the World: Ethical Questions about Genetic Engineering.” Ethical Issues in Biotechnology. Eds. Richard Sherlock and John D. Morrey. New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002. 47-70. Web. 9 Feb. 2010.
Mulligan, Pamela K. “Genetic engineering.” AccessScience: Encyclopedia of Science & Technology Online. McGraw-Hill, n.d. Web. 17 Feb. 2010.
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