Origins of Apartheid
In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years. This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families. British forces won the war, converting the two Boer states into colonies who were promised limited self-governance. Post-Boer War, the power balance became an uneasy one, until the Afrikaner National Party found a majority.
The party found their majority in 1948. One factor contributing to this majority was that in 1930, the government gave the right to vote to white women thus doubling their political power. In efforts to guarantee their social and economic control over South Africa, the National Party contrived a “Grand Apartheid” plan. The focus of this was to systematically institutionalize racial segregation, and reinforce it with police brutality. Among the first laws passed include The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act (1949), Population Registration Act (1950) and Group Areas Act (1950). The Group Areas Act took information from the Population Registration and set up ethnic areas that only those ethnicities could live in (white, black and coloured areas); these areas were known as Bantustans. The demarcation lines of these areas were absurd, for example, one Bantustan, “KwaZulu, consists of no fewer than ten sep...
... middle of paper ...
... apartheid. In 1940, he became an assistant minister for the Dutch Reform Church (DRC). This church used religious rhetoric to perpetuate apartheid. For twenty years, Naudé supported the church’s ideology, but in time, his review of scripture and events such as the Sharpeville Massacre changed his mind. After twenty-two years of service in the DRC, Naudé had to choose between the DRC and his interracial Christian Institute. He chose the institute, thus ostracizing himself and his family from the Afrikaners, and as his Christian Institute picked up momentum, it was banned.
He was a white man who protested against apartheid before it became the popular thing to do. His community rejected him, but he found the courage to stand up for what he knew was right. As a religious leader, Naudé broke the stereotype that all white men are against the Blacks.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Thesis Statement: Apartheid may have been a horrible era in South African history, but only so because the whites were forced to take action against the outrageous and threatening deeds of the blacks in order to sustain their power. United Nations members, and fellow concerned citizens, the world must discuss with the consequences of the initiation of apartheid. Apartheid, the separation of races completely, has become a horrible era in South African history, and has killed many innocent victims.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1539 words (4.4 pages)
- The Apartheid started in 1948 when Dr. Malan’s National Party beat the United Party who wanted integration. After the National Party won they had been given the Sauer report, which said that they had to choose between integration or an Apartheid. They chose the Apartheid which meant racial segregation of all of the races. They were split into 3 groups black, coloured and white and they were forced to move to an area specifically designated to their colour. There was petty Apartheid introduced so that black people couldn’t use the same building as white people.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1270 words (3.6 pages)
- The word apartheid comes in two forms, one being the system of racial segregation in South Africa, and the other form is the form that only those who were affected by apartheid can relate to, the deeper, truer, more horrifying, saddening and realistic form. The apartheid era truly began when white South Africans went to the polls to vote. Although the United Party and National Party were extremely close, the National party won. Since they won, they gained more seats and slowly began to eliminate the black’s involvement with the political system.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1253 words (3.6 pages)
- Origins of Apartheid In the seventeenth century, South Africa was colonized by Dutch and British imperialists. In response to British domination, Dutch settlers made two colonies: The Republic of the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Dutch descendants became known as “Afrikaners” or “Boers.” In the early 1900s, Boers discovered diamonds on their land. This led to a Britain invasion and sparked the Second Boer War, which lasted three years. This was the first modern war to see concentration camps; they were used successfully to break the will of Afrikaner guerilla forces by detaining their families.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
2564 words (7.3 pages)
- During the Apartheid Era, there emerged from South Africa cases of gross human rights abuse, racism, police brutality and general mistreatment of the non-white population. Excluding the fact that South Africa was never ruled by a dictator, it can be argued that some of these features were totalitarian and that South Africa was, to a certain extent, a totalitarian state under Apartheid. This discussion will analyse the totalitarian features that were apparent during Apartheid, and will be structured in the format of the characteristics of a totalitarian state1.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1365 words (3.9 pages)
- All men should be treated as equal. However, some people think they are superior to the others. For almost fifty years, South Africans were segregated by apartheid, a system that separated South Africans by their skin colors. The purpose behind this system was to separate the colored people from the whites in favor of white minority to have power over the black majority. Many people had to move out of their homes in designated “White” areas even though they already settled in the areas before the system was established.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1337 words (3.8 pages)
- In recent years, there have been efforts to understand the institution of apartheid in South Africa. From the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, to general study into the history of South Africa, much scholarship has been devoted to the study of the effects of apartheid and the atrocities committed in the post-World War II period. However, one topic remains largely un-researched—the origins of the vast apartheid structure instituted by the Herenigde (Reunited) National Party (HNP) in the late 1940’s and early 1950’s, different and larger than any other nation’s program .... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1667 words (4.8 pages)
- Apartheid was a dark time in the history of South Africa. The African National Congress played a major role in the breaking of Apartheid. Nelson Mandela played a critical role in bringing democracy to South Africa. This paper will show how the African National Congress was involved in the Anti-Apartheid movement and how the African National Congress and Nelson Mandela Changed the country as a whole. To understand how South Africa changed, one must know the history of Apartheid and the effects it had on the country.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
1510 words (4.3 pages)
- Through the perspective of an unconventional college professor, J.M. Coetzee’s Disgrace addresses the transition into post-apartheid South Africa, societal acceptance and rape through David Lurie and Lucy Lurie’s complex father-daughter relationship. While living in his daughter’s countryside home, David Lurie’s experiences reveal that despite the powerful political reform, crime continues to dominate the African people. Aspects of South African history are used to emphasize racial tension and the shift from a white to a black dominated South Africa.... [tags: South Africa Apartheid Essays]
2189 words (6.3 pages)
- Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid is the political policy of racial segregation. In Afrikaans, it means apartness, and it was pioneered in 1948 by the South African National Party when it came to power. Not only did apartheid separate whites from non-whites, it also segregated the Blacks (Africans) from the Coloreds (Indians, Asians). All things such as jobs, schools, railway stations, beaches, park benches, public toilets and even parliament. Apartheid also prevented blacks from living in white areas.... [tags: Apartheid South Africa Segregation Essays]
1113 words (3.2 pages)