Essay The Apartheid in South Africa

Essay The Apartheid in South Africa

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In 1948 the National Party took power of South Africa. The all-white minority government began enforcing already existing laws that encouraged segregation and separatism in the non-white majority country. Under these new sanctions apartheid, which literally means a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race, non-whites would be forced to not only go to separate public facilities but would later be force to live on separate lands similar to that of the Native Americans in the United States. Even though there was strong opposition to the new set of laws both from within and form outside the country these outrages and unethical policies remained in effect for almost 50 years
In the Seventeenth century the English and the Dutch colonized what is now South Africa. After the English dominated the Dutch posterities the Dutch chose to form two new colonies known as the Orange Free State and Transvaal. Sometime in the early 1900’s the discovery of vast amounts of diamonds spurred the English to invade the Dutch colonies spurring the Boer Wars (1880-81, 1899 – 02). After South Africa won its independence from English both the Dutch and English still held influence in the country.
Long before the National Party took power in South Africa discriminatory regulations were already taking effect. In 1913 the very divisive Land Act was passed. This act made is what started the formal segregation of black Africans. The Land Act of 1913 forced black Africans to live on reserves and also disallowed them from being sharecroppers, a chief form of income in South Africa.
In the 1940’s the Afrikaner National Party finally managed to gain majority control and officially initiate an apartheid government. The invention of th...


... middle of paper ...


...e government of South Africa passed a constitution that allowed for what is known as a Tricameral Parliament, or three houses, that returned voting rights to blacks and Indians alike, the House of Assembly (178 members) for whites, the House of Representatives (85 members) for Blacks and the House of Delegates (45 members) for Indians.
In 1994 for the first time in the history of South Africa free elections were held. 20,000,000 South Africans took place in the election and placed the ANC as the majority party in South Africa and successfully putting Apartheid to an end. The anniversary of the elections, 27 April, is celebrated as a public holiday in South Africa known as Freedom Day.



Works Cited

http://www.history.com/topics/apartheid

http://www-cs-students.stanford.edu/~cale/cs201/apartheid.hist.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid_in_South_Africa

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