Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek and His Contribution to Microbiology Essay

Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek and His Contribution to Microbiology Essay

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No one would ever expect a Dutch fabric merchant to be the first to discover some of the most abundant organisms in the world. Europe was in the midst of a Scientific Revolution as part of the Renaissance. At this time, new scientific discoveries were being made with the rise of scientists such as Galileo and Newton. Another prominent name in this revolution was Antoni van Leeuwenhoek. Leeuwenhoek first worked in a fabric shop in Delft, Holland in the mid-1600s. Leeuwenhoek used his microscope to observe almost anything he could think of to have a better understanding of what he was seeing. Antoni van Leeuwenhoek contributed to microbiology because he developed the first simple microscope, was the first to observe microorganisms, and was a pioneer in anatomy.
Leeuwenhoek’s greatest skill was grinding lenses for the simple design of his microscope. Leeuwenhoek used the money from the government positions to which he was appointed to pursue his hobby of lens grinding. At this time, microscopes were compound microscopes, containing more than one lens, which distorted the image and had low resolution. The curve of the lens affects the intensity of magnification, meaning higher magnification needs a greater curve. Leeuwenhoek achieved this with a smaller lens with a longer radius of the lens's curvature. The quality and resolution of his lenses were known as the best of the era.
Using his lenses, Leeuwenhoek was able to develop powerful microscopes to observe specimens, such as small insects. Leeuwenhoek’s microscope was made up of one biconvex lens positioned between two metal plates. A sequence of pins helped keep the specimen on the microscope in place. Liquid specimens could not be observed because the pin could only hold dry or ...


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...iscovery of the bacteria cells in 1683, he was able to disprove the theory. He showed that the male insects would fertilize the egg then lay by the female, which showed creature reproduced by themselves, not via spontaneous generation. This changed the way people thought about biology and reproduction in the world. Leeuwenhoek’s explanations of the body and reproduction of insects were huge advancements in microbiology.
Anatomy, microorganisms, and Leeuwenhoek’s microscope were all used to further advance the science of microbiology. The first simple microscope set the standard for others to observe microorganisms. Discovery of microorganisms paved a path for a new study of different life forms. Looking at the way the body functioned changed how the world had originally viewed it. Without Antoni van Leeuwenhoek’s discoveries, microbiology might not even exist today.

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