Antimicrobial And Antibiotic ( Antimicrobial ) Essay

Antimicrobial And Antibiotic ( Antimicrobial ) Essay

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Do you know how to use antibiotics correctly? Firstly, it is important to make a distinction between antimicrobial and antibiotic. Antimicrobial is any compounds that would be used to treat or prevent numerous infections, and could be included anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-protozoal (HMA Definitions, 2012). Antibiotic, or anti-bacterial, is a drug made by substances obtained by different microorganisms and fungi, and it is used to treat bacterial infections, avoiding the growth or killing the bacteria. The first antibiotic was penicillin, and it was discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928 (Davies, 2010). Alexander Fleming took vacations and forgot his petri dishes at his table without protection (Rosenberg). When he returned, he realizes that fungi contaminated petri dishes, and the bacteria present there stopped replicating (Rosenberg). The responsible substance for bacteria death was penicillin. About 20 years later, the scientists were able to isolate the substance. It was a significant breakthrough for the area of health, because it happened in the same time that World War II started (Rosenberg), and the antibiotics were essentials to treat the soldiers who were hurt and were with infections. Thereafter, many antibiotics were developed; for example, amoxicillin, cephalosporin and ciprofloxacin.
There are many advantages from discovery of antibiotics; however, there also are many disadvantages. In the past, various diseases as tuberculosis, pneumonia, diarrhea and diphtheria were responsible for the death of children and adults (Zaffiri, 2012). Nowadays, the death rate due to these diseases decreases significantly. Otherwise, in the present, excessive use of them is causing problems in treatments of bacteria...

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...t not only will cause acute effects, but also will cause chronic effects that can be fatal. Chronic effects are severe, because they can affect the liver and kidney that are responsible for cleansing the human organism, excreting useless or toxic metabolites. Third, there are interactions of antibiotics with other substances that affect the treatment, causing either more or fewer effects. The commonest examples are oral contraceptive, which loses its effects, and alcohol, which increase side effects. However, there is still no evidence that proves these results. Nevertheless, doctors do not recommend drinking alcohol and antibiotic together, and use alternative contraceptive methods when the woman is on antibiotic therapy. For these reasons, the misuse of antibiotics is dangerous; may decrease the treatment efficiency, have side effects and interact with other drugs.

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