There are many advantages from discovery of antibiotics; however, there also are many disadvantages. In the past, various diseases as tuberculosis, pneumonia, diarrhea and diphtheria were responsible for the death of children and adults (Zaffiri, 2012). Nowadays, the death rate due to these diseases decreases significantly. Otherwise, in the present, excessive use of them is causing problems in treatments of bacteria...
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...t not only will cause acute effects, but also will cause chronic effects that can be fatal. Chronic effects are severe, because they can affect the liver and kidney that are responsible for cleansing the human organism, excreting useless or toxic metabolites. Third, there are interactions of antibiotics with other substances that affect the treatment, causing either more or fewer effects. The commonest examples are oral contraceptive, which loses its effects, and alcohol, which increase side effects. However, there is still no evidence that proves these results. Nevertheless, doctors do not recommend drinking alcohol and antibiotic together, and use alternative contraceptive methods when the woman is on antibiotic therapy. For these reasons, the misuse of antibiotics is dangerous; may decrease the treatment efficiency, have side effects and interact with other drugs.
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- The beginning of the video summarized the main idea by explaining the current overuse and misuse of antibiotics and antimicrobial agents and how these affect bacteria and us. First, the video explained that viruses and bacteria can both make us sick but they are different. Viruses and bacteria cannot both be treated with antibiotics. Viruses need a host cell, are smaller, and unable to be treated with use of antibiotics. Bacteria are larger, independent living, have generation time of 20-30 minutes, and unlike viruses, many play an important role in our environment.... [tags: Bacteria, Antibiotic resistance, Penicillin]
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- Introduction Since the beginning of the antibiotic error in the mid 20th century, antimicrobial resistance has been recognized. The increased use of antimicrobial agents in the recent years has resulted in the development of resistance to these drugs. Clinical threats have however been minimized by the availability of newer agents (Bonomo & Tolmasky 2007). The World Health Organization (WHO) defines antimicrobial resistance as the resistance of a microorganism to an antimicrobial medicine to which it was previously sensitive (WHO 2012).... [tags: Medical Research]
1818 words (5.2 pages)