When Congress met on that warm September night in 1789 they had every intention of adding twelve new amendments to the constitution, only ten of them made the final cut and these amendments are known as the Bill of Rights. The decision to add a Bill of Rights was not unanimous by any means. Back then, similar to the present day, there were two main political parties; Federalist and Anti-Federalists. The Federalists ideology was based off having a strong, nationalistic, and fiscally responsible government, these men did not want to add a Bill of Rights. The Anti-Federalists were against having a big government and wanted the states to hold more power, they also actively fought against the ratification of the constitution, they also argued for a Bill of Rights. During the debate about the Bill of Rights a few noteworthy essays stood out from the rest, they were; the Anti-Federalist Papers #84, written by Brutus(a pseudonym), the Federalist Papers #84, by Alexander Hamilton, and a pair of letters shared by James Madison, a Federalist, and Thomas Jefferson, an Anti-Federalist. These men, unbeknownst to them, were debating over a topic that had lasting impacts on millions of lives. I believe that the Anti-Federalists were right to insist on including a Bill of Rights in the constitution. Although the Federalists have a few very strong points, I think that having a Bill of Rights would result in a much more content and safe nation.
When the Bill of Rights was proposed to Congress it created turmoil. Some people believed that including a Bill of Rights would actually hinder the people’s rights. Brutus claims that “all men are by nature free” and that it is ridiculous to assume that any one man, or any group of men, have the right to...
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...r number of constituents” and that a Bill of Rights must ensure that the result of whatever it is that the “majority of constituents” desire cannot violate the rights of the minority.(Madison) In his final statements Madison mentions that although a Bill of Rights could provide security to people’s rights it is potentially detrimental because “absolute restriction [...] ought to be avoided.”(Madison)
Imagine a world without a Bill of Rights, would gun control be absolute or obsolete? Would police be able to arrest or trespass us without a viable explanation? These are of course extreme cases but in reality we can never know what would’ve happened had we dismissed a Bill of Rights(realistically, I think we would still end up alright). However, we all know what happened, a Bill of Rights was added to our constitution, and I, for one, am very, very pleased that it was.
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