Anthony Giddens 's Theory And Theory Essay

Anthony Giddens 's Theory And Theory Essay

Length: 1045 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Anthony Giddens, born in 1938 in London, held positions at The University of Leicester, Cambridge University and the London School of Economics as well as several visiting positions at universities in the United States. Giddens’ early academic work focused on re-conceptualizing classical theory, particularly Functionalism and Structuralism. Similar to Foucault, he took interest in politics later in life. Giddens is known for supporting third way politics, which is a shift from traditional left and right political policies and practices (Calhoun et al 2007: 219). He cofounded Polity Press, served as Director of the London School of Economics and acts as a political advisor in England (Ritzer 2010: 132).
Theory and Methodology
Giddens theory and methodology sparked works classified into three phases. He initially directed his research and theory to analyzing classical theory and conceiving modern interpretations as well as applications. Giddens next concentrated on Functionalism and Structuralism to develop a modern understanding of structure and individual agency. His final phase addresses modernity and politics, social life and personal life. Overall, Giddens’ methodology emphasizes classical theory and concepts in modern life. Consequences of Modernity is a work of the final phase (Calhoun et al 2007: 220-221).
Terms and Themes
The key term in Consequences of Modernity is “juggernaut of modernity”. The juggernaut is a metaphorical representation of how modern society proceeds from pre-modern society (Ritzer 2010: 130).. The juggernaut of modernity captures structuration and the modern relationship between society and structures. Capitalism and industry, for example, are societal structures built in part and...

... middle of paper ...

...dern society expanded and adapted. The component of adaptation best illustrates the importance and relevance of Giddens. He is a reformist, not a radical or anarchist. Classical theory still has a place, but the historical course of society did not result in the manner Marx or Weber predicted. Individuals do have agency in their social systems, and structures partially form upon and within the social systems (Ritzer 2010: 132). Problems arise from rationality, industry and capitalism; however all these concepts adapted overtime to correct some of the flaws inherent in them. Flaws and inconsistencies continue to rise and occur, but the relationship between structure and agency envisioned by Giddens in structuration allows for society and structures to shape each other simultaneously and adapt to new and old issues in rationalization, industry and capitalism.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Durkheim 's Theory Of Sociology

- Social Glue in Sociology, that which forms the structure of society today, has many elements to its formation. Emile Durkheim, considered the 'Father of Sociology ' asked how society was possible rather than just how society had changed, which is Conflict Theorist and Sociologist, Max Webers ' theory in Sociology. Weber extended on theories of Sociologist Karl Marx. Durkheim described Social Cohesion, meaning a Unity of Masses that consists of a commonly shared moral or interest as one element of social glue that formed the structure of society today....   [tags: Sociology, Anthony Giddens, Karl Marx, Max Weber]

Better Essays
1141 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about The Social Theory Of Social Life

- ... Henslin also pointed out that macrosociology is « The analysis of social life that focuses on social interaction» (Henslin). In other words it is the branch of sociology that study the society as a whole, such as social classes, relationships between one group and another. This approach is used by the symbolic interactionist. In order to illustrate why we need both, my study will be focused on the case of a student who is expelled from school. How these different factors influencing him could take him to this point....   [tags: Sociology, Social class, Anthony Giddens]

Better Essays
916 words (2.6 pages)

Analysis of The Transformation of Intimacy by Anthony Giddens Essay

- Analysis of The Transformation of Intimacy by Anthony Giddens How does 'sexuality' come into being, and what connections does it have with the changes that have affected personal life on a more general plane. In answering these questions, Anthony Giddens disputes many of the interpretations of the role of sexuality in our culture. The emergence of what he calls plastic sexuality, which is sexuality freed from its original relation of reproduction, is analyzed in terms of the long-term development of the modern social order and social influences of the last few decades....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
792 words (2.3 pages)

How does Giddens solve the problem of agency versus structure? Essay examples

- Giddens theorizes that structure and agency are a duality that cannot exist apart from one another. Human practices create both their consciousness and society. Because individuals make up society’s activities and structural conditions, they can choose to change it. Giddens calls this relationship between knowledge and practices the double hermeneutic. The daily routines and practices of individuals interacting with each other is what shape society. The actors have power over their actions, but the consequences are often unpredictable, allowing for change....   [tags: Societal Structural Theories, Philosophy]

Better Essays
854 words (2.4 pages)

Sociology Of The Discount Retail Store Essay

- “I’m going to Target” is a common phrase to hear nowadays, especially among the young generations. The discount retail store offers a large variety of products attracting a wide spectrum of customers. The store serves a bigger purpose within society, but how does it affect individuals’ interactions that are recycled into the behavior of society and how does it negatively contribute to the evolution of society. Sociological Imagination can be applied to the picture to better understand the bigger picture and further examining it by applying Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism, and the Social Conflict Theory to discover new topics of research to further the study of sociology....   [tags: Sociology, Social stratification, Anthony Giddens]

Better Essays
1670 words (4.8 pages)

The Social Structures Within A Society Essay

- Robert Merton built off the ideas of Emile Durkheim to create his Theory of Anomie. This is a specified Strain theory. Strain theory says that the social structures within a society may pressure people to commit crimes. Anomie is a term coined by Durkheim to “describe a society in which rules of behavior have been broken down during periods of rapid social change or social crisis”(Siegel 142). Merton took this term, and said that it occurs when people are unable to achieve their goals and consequently attempt to achieve them through other means....   [tags: Sociology, Anthony Giddens, Macrosociology]

Better Essays
716 words (2 pages)

Essay on The Literature On Social Studies

- ... As a collectivity a movement is a group with indefinite and shifting membership and with leadership whose position is determined more by informal response of adherents than by formal procedures for legitimizing authority”. Turner and Killian regard a social movement as a peculiar kind of collective behavior that is contrasted to regularity and institutional behavior. Additionally, Turner believes that social movements do not necessarily coincide with movement organisations, although these organisations can carry out a large part of the movement tasks and it is often help to control and speak for movements (Diani 1992)....   [tags: Social movement, Sociology, Anthony Giddens]

Better Essays
759 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Functionalism from Classical to Contemporary Theory

- Functionalism is a social theory that has its foundations in the birth of the discipline called sociology (Adams & Sydie, 2002 p.05). Angste Comte, considered the founder of sociology, believed that sociological matters should be explained through scientific study. Functionalism is a method of study based primary on facts, objectively measured, essentially applying the scientific method to the study of society, social actions and interactions. Functionalism is interested in the relationships between systems within society....   [tags: sociological, systems, interactions]

Better Essays
771 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Interrelationship Between Humans and Society

- Which one came first – the chicken or the egg. This question, much alike the question that this essay aims to tackle has been a topic of debate for ages. If it was the chicken that came first, where did it come from – science has taught us that chickens hatch from eggs. If it was indeed the egg that came first, where did the egg come from – we were always informed that chickens laid eggs. In this case, without us humans, societies would not be formed in the first place. Alternatively, without societies, humans would have no way of life to adhere to and live by....   [tags: Structural Theory, structuration theory]

Better Essays
1991 words (5.7 pages)


- Modernization and Dependency Theory A clear and advanced look at the two theories leaves one with the assumption that they are related and therefore they can be discussed together. This is attributed to the fact that they both argue from the same point of development and that development of a nation can only be reached at by ensuring the acquisition of new techniques. In addition a country on its own cannot acquire the advanced techniques but through the interaction process with other countries....   [tags: Sociology ]

Better Essays
2415 words (6.9 pages)