According to the DSM-5 criteria, to be diagnosed as having Anorexia Nervosa a person must display:
1. Persistent restriction of energy intake leading to significantly low body weight (in context of what is minimally expected for age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health) .
2. Either an intense fear of gaining weight or of becoming fat, or persistent behaviour that interferes with weight gain (even though significantly low weight).
3. Disturbance in the way one 's body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body shape and weight on self-evaluation, or persistent lack of recognition of the seriousness of the current low body weight (Butcher, Mineka, & Hooley, 2013).
According to the DSM-5 criteria, to be diagnosed as having Bulimia Nervosa a person must display:
1) Recurrent episodes of binge eating. An episode of binge eating is characterized by both of the following:
i) Eating, in a discrete period of time (e.g. within any 2-hour period), an amount of food that is definitely larger than most people would eat during a similar period of time and under similar circumstances.
ii) A sense of lack of control over eating during the episode (e.g. a feeling that one cannot stop eating or control what or how much one is eating).
2) Recurrent inappropriate compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications, fasting, or excessive exercise.
3) The binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors both occur, on average, at least once a week for three months.
4) Self-evaluation is unduly influenced by body shape and weight.
5) The disturbance does not occur ex...
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...n able to break free and live lives free from the chains of eating disorders, however, many have either relapsed or simply not lived to tell their story. Anorexia has the highest mortality rate of any mental disorder. It is estimated that nearly 4 percent affected, have died from complications associated with the disorder, while 3.9 percent of those affected by bulimia die, due to their illness. It is estimated that only one-third of those affected by anorexia ever seek treatment, while just 6 percent of those with bulimia ever reach out for help (Crow, et al. 2009). A study by the National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders reported that five to ten percent of anorexics die within 10 years of contracting the disease; eighteen to twenty percent of anorexics will be dead after 20 years and only thirty to forty percent ever fully recover (2006).
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