1) Schnyer, M. D., Zeithamova D., & Williams V. (2009). Decision-making under conditions of sleep deprivation: Cognitive and neural consequences. Military Psychology, 21(1), 36-45. doi: 10.1080/08995600802554607 The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the effects sleep deprivation has on the decision making process. The study’s participants were 13 undergraduate cadets of the United States Military at West Point and 2 graduate students from the University of Texas. This study included 4 women and 11 men. The study consisted of two days, in the first day the participants were asked to perform tasks with a good night sleep while undergoing an functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scan. On the second day the participants were asked to complete the same tasks after being awake for 24 hours straight. The participants completed 3 decision-making tasks and 1 visuo-motor control task (VMC) that were the exact same on Day 1 and Day 2. The decision-making tasks were simple or complex. With the use of the functional MRI, the researchers were able to see the effects that sleep deprivation has on brain activity. Accuracy scores were calculated and compared to the following day. The researchers came to the conclusion that simple decision-making tasks are not altered due to lack of sleep, However, making complex decisions was impaired as well as patterns of brain activity. These results show that there is an obvious correlation between sleep deprivation and impaired decision-making. This article has implications on the nursing field because it will cause students to not be able to learn as well if given health...
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...welve-hour shifts and could potentially affect the way they give care. In addition, the common population could benefit from these journals, because even simple tasks like driving could be impaired and have major ramifications.
Nursing implications that can occur due to sleep deprivation is a client incorrectly taking their meds because they were not able to concentrate during the teaching because they were sleep deprived or a nurse administering the wrong drug because he/she was sleep deprived and was unable to read the label correctly. There are numerous implications that can occur because of sleep deprivation. This is why a nurse should choose a time when the client is alert and orientated as well as able to make concrete decisions about their health. In addition, the nurse could utilize this time to make a plan to promote healthy sleep habits and sleep hygiene.
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