Annotated Bibliography : Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Essay

Annotated Bibliography : Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? Essay

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MLA Annotated Bibliography for “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?”
Holmen, Nicole. “It’s All Over Now, Baby Blue: Psychoanalyzing Connie in Joyce Carol Oates’s ‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?’” Student Pulse. 2.02, 2010. Web. 01 Mar. 2016.
Holmen takes a different approach in analyzing Oates’s short story by focusing primarily on features of Connie’s personality in connection to the events that take place over the course of “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” Holmen describes how Oates foreshadowed Connie’s internal problems at the beginning of the story in the dialogue between Connie and her mother and through Connie’s habit of checking her appearance. Holmen then elaborates on Connie’s self-esteem and fear of intimacy using the example of Connie sneaking to the drive-in with her friends to meet boys despite her lack of interest in seeing them after the one night. Holmen argues that because of Connie’s insecurities, low self-esteem, and fear of intimacy, she is incapable of liking Arnold Friend, similar to how she has pushed away everyone that was close to her. Therefore, Connie would believe she did not have any reason to stay behind and Arnold Friend is right in that “it’s all over for [her].” While this article showed a different, but interesting analysis focusing on Connie as a character, I likely will not use it as my secondary source for the rhetorical analysis because it gives more of a psychological point of view.
Oates, Joyce Carol, and Elaine Showalter. “‘Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” and Smooth Talk: Short Story into Film.” “Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?” N.p.: Rutgers UP, 1994. 67-72. Google Books. Google. Web. 03 Mar. 2016.
Oates discusses “The Pied Piper of Tusco...


... middle of paper ...


... the basis for a religious allegory—the seduction of Eve―with an existential initiation theme, a young girl coming to accept an external fate. Connie’s family members are deemed powerless due to their lack of presence during the climax of the story because of Connie’s personal choices. In rejecting her family’s company, Connie has also “settled [the] order of their existence.” Urbanski shows how the use of popular music within the narrative is yet another means of establishing realism in the story. The religious allegory has a more subtle effect. Oates makes small references to church in the story and the day of the cookout happens to be Sunday. Urbanski compares the appearance of Arnold Friend to that of Satan, implying that Friend may be a symbol for the devil, or some other superhuman force. I may use this source as my secondary source for the rhetorical analysis.

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