Holland, A., Treasure, J., Coskeran, P., & Dallow, J. (1995). Characteristics of the eating disorder in Prader-Willi syndrome: implications for treatment. Journal Of Intellectual Disability Research, 39(5), 373-381. The purpose of this article is to inform people on the characteristics of eating disorders associated with PWS and possible treatments. 13 subjects with Prader- Willi Syndrome with an average age of 24. Direct Observation during access to food. Settings varied but study was conducted over 28 days. 8 of the 13 participants had their food strictly restricted. They were given an hour to eat and the different restriction levels were measured. Some of the participants required restraint for their eating behaviors. Only three of the 13 required firm direction. Some required "total control" and therefore their eating was strictly restricted and determined by a caretaker. Those who did not require the severe restrictions had a higher body mass index indicating they may eat less but more often and therefore consume the same amount of calories as the participants who required restraint and severe restrictions. The implication that teachers may take from this article include: strict and firm direction is needed for students with Prader- Willi syndrome in order to ensure their eating disorder does not become a problem. Also, restricted access to food during classroom activities should maintained to reduce need for restraints and over- eating.
Van Hooren, R., Widdershoven, G., Candel, M., BW, & Curfs, L. (2006). Between control and freedom in the care for persons with Prader-Willi syndrome: an a...
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...with PWS process infromation i.e. visual motor and auditory verbal processing The study required that participants must be given IQ tests, and also that they be observed in a classroom setting while interventions were put in place. Thus the adminsitratiors were able to draw results both from IQ scores and actual classroom preformance. In 13 patients a significant difference between verbal and performance IQ was found. In 10 of them the performance IQ was higher than the verbal. The results of subtest analysis indicate that cognitive strengths are more visible than cognitive weaknesses. Analysis of all available data indicates that PWS patients score better on visual motor discrimination skills than on auditory verbal processing skills. These results indicitive for intervention programs and education strategies which pertian to auditory and kinesthetic instruction.
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