The circus is said to have originated in the 1700s, with a one-time Sergeant Major in the 15th Light Dragoons, Philip Astley performing on horseback, demonstrating equestrian expertise in London based shows, (Broonman & Legge, 1999; Stoddart, 2000). It was Astleys’ equestrian performances that influenced many others to establish similar shows over Europe in the nineteenth century, with new permanent buildings being built for the performances later developing in the early twentieth century to circuses tents to allow the shows to be taken to audiences that would otherwise not have seen the show. Other developments allowed European based circuses to travel from the Far East to South America, Africa and Australasia, (European Circus Association , 2014).
Although there were animal welfare protests against performing animal shows, the First World War was a staple moment of protest against the shows, with the Performing Animals Defence League forming in 1914 encouraging public concern on animal cruelty, (Wilson, 2009).
Currently there are three main legislations affecting and protecting the welfare of wild animals in travelling circuses, The Welfare of Wild Animals in Travelling Circuses (England) Regulations 2012, the Animal Welfare Act 2006 and the performing Animals (regulation) Act 1925, (DEFRA,2013; Rees,2013). The legislations in place recognise that both wild a...
... middle of paper ...
...erlands. Journal of agricultural environmental ethics, Volume 26, pp. 523-535.
PETA, 2013. Circuses. [Online]
Available at: http://www.peta.org/issues/animals-in-entertainment/circuses/
[Accessed 03 02 2014].
Rees, P. A., 2013. Dictionary of Zoo Biology and Animal Management. West Sussex: John Wiley and sons .
RSPCA, 2014. Wild animals in circuses. [Online]
Available at: http://www.rspca.org.uk/allaboutanimals/wildlife/captivity/circuses
[Accessed 03 02 2014].
Stoddart, H., 2000. Rings of Desire: Circus history and representation. Manchester: Manchester University press .
Syne, A., 2006. Meta-analytic review of the effects of enrichment on stereotypic behavior in zoo mammals. Zoo Biology , 25(4), pp. 317-337.
Wilson, D. A., 2009. Racial Prejudice and the Performing Animals Controversy in early Twentieth-Century Britain. Society and animals , Issue 17, pp. 149-165.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- There are a plenty of animals on the face of this earth and they live on different terrains. But there is one place where most of them can be found and that place is called zoo. Children love going to zoos and watch their favorite animals. But after growing up they realize that those animals are not living like they are supposed to. Zoos can be found in every major city in the world, and they accommodate both native and exotic animals. These beings can vary from an elephant to a kiwi and that is the reason why zoos are so popular.... [tags: Extinction, Biodiversity, Species]
1371 words (3.9 pages)
- Boycott Circuses That Use Animals A world where entertainment doesn't stray far from cruelty to animals is a battle the human race continues to fight. As we build the foundation to our lives we fail to consider the impact of these actions towards the animals involved in circuses. The treatment towards animals in the circus is unethical. Animal cruelty in the circus is seen as a norm because many are unaware that these innocent animals are subjected to cruelty for the sake of entertainment. Animals in the circus are kept in captivity violating their right to be free, they're subjected to abuse by being imprisoned and forced to perform for amusement and profit; Circus animals are protected by... [tags: Animal Cruelty, Animal Treatment]
1853 words (5.3 pages)
- Animal testing is very cruel experiments conducted on animals to see if a product would be safe to use on humans. These animals are held in cages and are kept there until the scientists figure out which kind of experiment they want to put the animal under. It should seem that this is considered animal abuse but sense the government does it then it is okay. However, it is not okay that innocent animals are held captive and injected among other things, only to see if a product is safe or not and the results can often be fatal.... [tags: Animal testing, Testing cosmetics on animals]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- Introduction The human-animal relationship is one that, in recent years, has come under heavy criticism. Organizations, such as PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), have been trying to raise awareness that this relationship may not be ethical. Changes have been made due to organizations like PETA and the HSUS (Humane Society of The United States). For example, Ringling Brothers Circus recently retired all of its elephants because people were boycotting the circus’s performances. Many people do not find anything about our relationship with animals unethical.... [tags: Animal rights, Animal welfare]
2183 words (6.2 pages)
- Zoos, Circuses, and Aquariums: Cruel and Unjust Zoos, circuses, and aquariums have been around for many years. Families across the planet flock to these facilities to have an entertaining day in the great outdoors. Mothers and father show their children the beautiful, exotic animals at these places in a hope to educate them on the wonders of the world. The general public holds places like the San Diego Zoo, Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus, and SeaWorld in high esteem. Sadly, most are unaware of the injustices against wild animals in these facilities.... [tags: injured animals, wild animals]
1930 words (5.5 pages)
- There has always been a cruelty free presence in the product industry, but it appears that there are more companies transitioning from non-cruelty free to cruelty free. The change has taken a few years to finally come into full effect. While there are companies doing the transition to become animal friendly, there are just as many companies that refuse to cooperate and change their production. Not only does the product industry use animals to test human products on but the scientific community does so as well.... [tags: Animal testing, Testing cosmetics on animals]
1698 words (4.9 pages)
- Most of the medications that we in market today have been tested and proven effective for animals before prescribing them to human beings. However, would it feel good to know that every year, hundreds of thousands of animals are captured from the wild and die just because of these said experiments. For many years now, scientists have been using animals for their laboratory experiments to produce new medicines. Although scientists have been using this process for many decades in the field of medicine, it is still a controversial issue for those who are pro animal experimentation and against animal experimentation.... [tags: Animal Experimentation, Animals,]
1206 words (3.4 pages)
- It is a wonderful feeling walking through the zoo looking at animals, attending the circus to watch animals do tricks, and the water shows filled with dolphins are spectacular. If organizations were to start practicing routines without animals or transferring their animals back to the wild there would be many things at stake. Children have the best reactions when they first see a tiger, elephant, or lion. Animals are placed in these confines for their safety and for the educational purposes of the public.... [tags: future generations, dolphins]
1076 words (3.1 pages)
- Animals of all kinds have been suffering for far too long from animal testing. Testing animals is not a beneficial or reliable way of testing a product or for medical research. There are many different and more accurate ways to tests products or do research than on animals. Animal testing is not safe for animals which is why testing on animals is morally wrong. This essay will examine the scope of the need to illegalize all testing on any animal. The organization of this essay will be set up in compare and contract format.... [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights]
1648 words (4.7 pages)
- Starting thousands of years ago, zoos attracted large crowds around the world (Fravel). Because of that, everyone today has seen, been to, or heard of a zoo at least once in their lifetime. However, people are missing valuable information that they need to know about zoos today. Do the zoos really do what most people think. There are 2,400 animal enclosures licensed by the U. S. Department of Agriculture, however only 212 are under strict requirements from the American Zoo and Aquarium Association (AZA); keep in mind that those numbers only involve the zoos in the United States (Fravel).... [tags: animal conservation, animal behavior, animals]
1123 words (3.2 pages)