Both Homage to Catalonia and Animal Farm delineate Orwell’s obsession with revolution albeit with different strategies. The first book, Homage to Catalonia, is an account of the Spanish Revolution and Civil War (1936-1939) from Orwell 's point of view as a volunteer in the POUM*militia. The book summarizes the heroic revolutionary struggle of the Spanish people against fascism and for socialism. It is an account of Orwell 's experiences in Spain. So it is a real depiction of what actually happened. He makes clear his commitment to both working class struggle and to socialism, and at the same time his steadfast opposition to Stalinism and its proponents. By the same token, Animal Farm is also a story of revolution betrayed, hinting at Revolutionary and post-Revolutionary Russia and representing Orwell 's final disillusionment with Soviet Russia
* POUM stands for ‘Partido Obrero de Unificacion Marxista’ the Workers ' Party of Marxist Unification, an anti-Stalinist communist party.
in the Stalin Period. In this novel Orwell speaks of his desire ...
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... notes that all the factory owners were either killed or escaped and their factories were taken over by the workers. And all the churches had been burnt. Borkenau, who was incidentally to have a considerable influence on Orwell 's thinking, provides one of the best accounts of revolutionary Barcelona:
The first impression: armed workers, rifles on their shoulders, but wearing their civilian clothes. Perhaps 30 percent of the males on the Ramblas were carrying rifles, though there were no police, and no regular military in uniforms ... The fact that all these armed men walked about, marched and drove in their ordinary clothes made the thing only more impressive as a display of the power of the factory workers. The anarchists, recognizable by badges and insignia in red and black, were obviously in overwhelming numbers. And no 'bourgeoisie ' whatever! (Borkenau 70-71).
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