Animal Farm By George Orwell Essay

Animal Farm By George Orwell Essay

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Animal Farm, a novel by George Orwell, is a fable written to portray that a state of utopia can never be achieved. Orwell uses farm animals to allegorically represent a time in history when this is most true: the Russian Revolution. Readers follow the animals of Animal Farm, as they rebel against their master, Mr. Jones, and turn the farm into their own. A community of Animalism is achieved, where the animals work for themselves and no one but themselves. They quickly develop the maxim “four legs good, two legs bad” (Orwell 34) and come to the conclusion that “all animals are equal” (11). However, because of they way the animals put full trust into their leader, Napoleon, a pig, is able to bend the rules to his liking, not necessarily in benefit of the others. This leads readers to question how true these sayings really are. Through the use of allegory, irony, and satire, Orwell eludicates how both leaders and followers have to blame for the downfall of a society.
The animals of Animal Farm have similar characteristics and behaviors of key figures in the Russian Revolution. Through this allegory, readers see how the society of Animalism fails in the areas of equality and justice. Napoleon is a representation of Joseph Stalin, a merciless, Soviet Union leader with no morals. Both man and pig knock down all obstacles in their quest for the top, no matter the violence or brutality it will take. This is shown when Napoleon uses power in a barbarous manner to take control of Snowball, another leader of the revolution, who is a threat to Napoleon’s authoritative status. Orwell narrates, “...nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars [come] bounding into the farm. They [dash] straight for Snowball, who only [springs] f...


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...situation in which Animal Farm has come to be, is the mistake of all the animals, despite their authoritative ranking. Through Napoleon’s undoubtable similarities to that of Joseph Stalin, the final outcome of Animal Farm, and the unknowingness and gullibility of the middle and lower class, Orwell tells of the faults that every animal makes, even if not consciously. The author instills a lesson in all who discover his work: even the smallest of small can become the biggest of big, and only the leader himself or onlookers can stop this from happening. For if freedom and justice is wanted, then a society as a whole needs to make it happen, or the community will have the same end as Animal Farm has had. This end however, is the fault of the masses, and in the words of William Gaddis, readers learn that “power [in fact,] does not corrupt people; people corrupt power”.

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