Animal Farm by George Orwell Essay

Animal Farm by George Orwell Essay

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Published in 1945, the book,” Animal Farm”, by George Orwell, an allegory of stalinism, had an enormous impact on the world of literature, even decades after it was written. However, like all controversial books, “Animal Farm” drew both praise and heavy criticism, causing one man, John Reed to write a book called,” Snowball’s Chance” in response to Orwell’s criticism of communism, However, like all controversial books, “Animal Farm” drew both praise and heavy criticism, causing one man, John Reed to write a book called,” Snowball’s Chance” in response to Orwell’s criticism of communism. Through this parody, Reed emulates the characteristics of Orwell's writing in an attempt to disagree with his perceived ideals towards communism.

Reed uses Orwell's writing style of allegory and animals as a metaphor, as Orwell used animals to represent stalinism, even going so far as to continue the plot where "Animal Farm" left off. Reed is disagreeing with how Orwell protested against the ideology of communism in his story. It is apparent that in Reed's mind, if one is against communism, one must support American-style capitalism, which can be seen in the article when it states,"He decided, he said, that the world had a new form of evil to deal with and it was not communism, it was the evil…within american corporate capitalism…interests in the Middle East oil fields.” Reed is only partially right in his disagreement, because although many people that oppose communism do, indeed, support the kind of capitalism that is implemented in the United States, a considerable amount of people support socialistic systems of governance while still opposing the communist, totalitarian dictatorship that was implemented in Soviet Russia and referenced in “Ani...


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...er than the ideal of communism in general. In fact, through this piece of literature, he "quietly" supported socialism through writing about how good the animal's lives were when they all worked and collaborate together, while still maintaining what appears to be a society under the influence of socialism. Not to mention the fact that in "Animal Farm", Orwell also opposed capitalism through his negative portrayal of the humans on the farm which goes against Reed's reading of the story, which gave him the notion that Orwell was in support of free market capitalism. Thus, I believe that Reed's reading was only slightly correct. He didn't analyze the text of the book well enough and simply skimmed the surface of such a deep and meaningful allegory by misrepresenting what Orwell was trying to say through the very controversial political statement that was "Animal Farm".

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