Essay on Animal experimentation in the UK

Essay on Animal experimentation in the UK

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Animal experimentation, also known as animal research and animal testing, is an experimental procedure in which animals are used within academic, scientific, research, biological and commercial establishments. It is when using live animals is considered legal, protected and regulated by law, because their ability to benefit humans is very important. Moreover, people of the world have improved their understanding about their lives, their health, the problems related to health and how to solve them, how to prevent them in the future by carrying out such experiments on animals. It could be argued that scientists over the world would not have developed e.g. their knowledge about animal behavior or probability of effects of products on humans if they had not implemented any animal experiments in the past. Using animals in scientific research helps scientists and researchers to develop and test new drugs for treating human diseases, to test safety of food additives and household cleaning products. Furthermore, transplantation of human genes into animals is very crucial, because of this human diseases can appear in those animals and scientists can study and discover the causes of human illnesses, finally, they can develop new treatments for humans. Apart from this, animal are also used in cloning, because by cloning them, scientists and researchers can find out for example - more proteins in those animals: thus, protein is very essential element in treating people with serious diseases (Moore, 1998). In the contrary, animal rights people (who are of opposite view to animal testing) say that these experiments are not necessary, there is no benefit from them to humans, because in the nature humans behave very differently than animals. The...


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... in the UK. Thus, there are three main alternatives to animal research, namely the 3Rs: replacement, reduction and refinement that were suggested by Russell and Burch in 1959 (Boo and Knight, 2008). These alternatives are always considered before granting licenses for researcher and if it is possible to use them in the experiment researcher must do it, because it will help to minimize the suffering of animals in the experimentation (Kolar, 2006). Therefore, the following passages will be about these alternatives and evaluation of them.
Firstly, what is meant by replacement of animals in experiments? According to Balls (1994), it may be defined as the replacement of using live animals with non-animal alternatives where it is possible. Therefore, replacement can be achieved by several ways, such as in vitro, computer modeling, using of non-sentient animals.




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