British influence in the Middle East emerged during the 18th as Great Britain expanded their empire across the globe securing land, resources and riches. The Middle East, anciently referred to as Mesopotamia, developed into a vital midpoint connecting the land routes between the Orient and the coasts of the Mediterranean, which then connected to the European mainland. As Great Britain’s dominance in the Far East grew, the expanding empire fought to gain control of the Middle Eastern territory linking their holdings in the East and in the West. Great Britain maintained colonial influence in the majority of the land now within the modern boundaries of Jordan, Iraq, Israel and parts of Saudi Arabia for nearly 2 centuries. Following World War One and the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations partitioned the lands of the Middle East and Britain was given control of the lands in what ...
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