Anglo-Iraqi War of 1941 Essay

Anglo-Iraqi War of 1941 Essay

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The effects of Second World War reached countries around the entire globe from Europe to Africa and from the Pacific to the Middle East. Although at the close of the First World War European imperialism for the most part ended, the governments of some newly established, quasi-independent countries like Iraq were still under the influence of European nations. In the spring of 1941, due to the increasing rise of Arab nationalism, the ever present resentment towards British influence in the region and the distraction of war, Iraqi nationalists attempted to take advantage of the situation and remove the ruling monarchy supported by the British. This brief conflict would come to be known as the Anglo-Iraqi War of 1941 and would leave a lasting impact on the development of Iraq throughout the majority of the second half of the 20th century.
British influence in the Middle East emerged during the 18th as Great Britain expanded their empire across the globe securing land, resources and riches. The Middle East, anciently referred to as Mesopotamia, developed into a vital midpoint connecting the land routes between the Orient and the coasts of the Mediterranean, which then connected to the European mainland. As Great Britain’s dominance in the Far East grew, the expanding empire fought to gain control of the Middle Eastern territory linking their holdings in the East and in the West. Great Britain maintained colonial influence in the majority of the land now within the modern boundaries of Jordan, Iraq, Israel and parts of Saudi Arabia for nearly 2 centuries. Following World War One and the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, the League of Nations partitioned the lands of the Middle East and Britain was given control of the lands in what ...

... middle of paper ... HMSO 1956]. Butler, J.R.M. ed. The Mediterranean and Middle East, Volume II the Germans come to the help of their Ally (1941). History of the Second World War, United Kingdom Military Series. Naval & Military Press.
Mackenzie, Compton. Eastern Epic: Volume 1 September 1939-March 1943 Defense. London: Chatto & Windus.
Young, Peter (1972). The Arab Legion. Men-at-Arms. Osprey Publishing.
Wavell, Archibald (1946). Dispatch on Operations in the Middle East from 7th February, 1941 to 15th July 1941. London: War Office. In London Gazette
Wavell, Archibald (1946). Dispatch on Operations in Iraq, East Syria and Iran from 10th April, 1941 to 12th January, 1942. London: War Office. In London Gazette
Wilson, Maitland (1946). Dispatch on the Persia and Iraq Command Covering the Period from 21st August, 1942, to 17th February, 1943. London: War Office. In London Gazette

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