Andrew Carnegie

Andrew Carnegie

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A man of Scotland, a distinguished man citizen of the United States, and now a philanthropist devoted to the making the world around him a better place, Andrew Carnegie became famous at the turn of the twentieth century and became true rags to riches story.

Carnegie's life Started on "November 25, 1835 in Dunfermiline, Fife Scotland" (Nasaw 36)
Carnegie's Family was poor, but he still grew up in a well cultured and political family. Many of Carnegie's closest Relatives were self educated tradesmen and class activists. William Carnegie although poor had educated himself. William also was politically active and was involved with those organizing demonstration against the Corn Laws, Also he was a chartist. "William Carnegie also wrote articles for the Radical Pamphlet, Cobbett's Register."(qtd. In Nasaw 12)
He wrote about governing safety at work, which were passed many years later in the
Factory acts. He promoted the abolition of all forms of privilege, including all monarchs.
Tom Kennedy was also another influential uncle, was a radical political firebrand. "A person that did not conform to what society's standards in any shape form or fashion."(Nasaw 52)
Andrew Carnegie's mother Margaret mother taught the young Carnegie the frailty that he would one day become famous for later on in life. One day in school he quoted a proverb that his mother had repeated often "Look after the pennies and the pounds will look after themselves" (qtd Nasaw 56) His classmates often laughed at him, unaware that the principal would one day help Andrew Carnegie to become one of the riches men in the world. Mrs. Carnegie Followed her two sisters to Pittsburgher husband took up the grueling factory work with a nearby cotton mill, but he soon quit it to return to his hard room to make to make table clothes that he sold door to door. Mrs. Carnegie once again picking the time his family was still poor. Carnegie found his mother crying about the family's struggle. Andrew, her first son, was born in Scotland in 1835 to the twenty-five year old Margaret. By the mid- 1840's, the family was sliding into object poverty. William, Margaret's husband, was a hand weaver who at the new and improving times started to dramatically lose business due to the new power driven factory looms. The family had to leave their rare house and move back to small quarters. Margaret opened a small food store to add to the family's income.

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As one of the winter of 1897-1848 it was not clear at all if the Carnegie's would survive the industrialism growth of Scotland. Even before her husband dies the family had started to hand the financial responsibilities over to Andrew Carnegie, who supported him, his mother, and his younger brother tom. As the western Division superintendent his salary was raised to one hundred twenty-five dollars a month which put his family into a comfortable position. Carnegie moved with his mother and sixteen year old brother, Tom to the West Liberty neighborhood, or downtown Pittsburg. Margaret not only "rode her son's coattails"(qtd in Nasaw 12) she was also possessive of her son . In 1880 when Margaret was approaching the age of seventy and her son approaching the age of forty-five, was a serious threat to her domino. Andrew became friendly with smart woman named Louise Whitfield, a daughter to one of his business associates and 21 years his junior. The two got to know each other while horseback riding in Central park

Andrew Carnegie avid pursuit of education and passion for reading was jump started by Colonel James Anderson, Who opened a library of about 400 volumes to working boys each Saturday night.

Carnegie was a "self made man"(Nasaw 22) in both his economic development and his intellectual and cultural development. Carnegie was willing to work hard show tons of perseverance , his alertness soon brought for the opportunities he would soon encounter in his long illustrious life. In telegraph messenger boy in the Pittsburg office of the Ohio telegraph company, at two dollars and fifty cents a week, which at the time was a huge fortune.
The job besides for income, helped grow his love of William Shakespeare's works he has required he has to deliver messages to a theater, and he often managed to continue had been raised on a performance.
Carnegie Learned the o so hard trait of telegraphy by ear and was only part of the two or three in the country that could do so , was hired by the Pennsylvania Railroad company earned four dollars per week . Andrew Carnegie at the age of eighteen and soon began a rapid advancement through the company, eventually becoming the superintendent of the Pittsburg Division.
In the year eighteen fifty five Andrew Carnegie managed to find the resources to invest five hundred dollars in a successful firm called "Adam's express." At a later time and date Andrew Carnegie would invest in "sleeping wagons" this investment was a part of Carnegie's more successful investments because sleeping wagons were the major part of helping to "settle the west."(Nasaw 45) Later on Andrew Carnegie would buy a part in the company that produced the sleeping wagons, which would turn at to be yet again another great investment.
Andrew Carnegie would later reinvesting his money in the railroad related industries(iron, bridges, rails) Carnegie was able to slowly earn his first big capital , which would be the basis for his future success .

Before the Civil war Carnegie had formed a partnership with a Mr. Woodruff, an inventor his invention entitled "Sleeping Car," which also helped settle the west. Carnegie would soon become the superintendent of the Western division. Carnegie was selected by the Scott, who was now assistant secretary of war in charge of the military transportation, to accompany him to Washington D.C. where he was to be appointed superintendent of the military railways and the Union Governments telegraph lines in the east. Carnegie was on the foot plate of the locomotive that pulled the first brigade of troops to reach the capital of the United States of America, Washington D.C. Carnegie proceeded to increase his wealth through careful investments. In 1864 forty-thousand dollars earned so far, on oil creek in Venango County, Pennsylvania.
In one year yielded over one million dollars in cash Dividends, and petroleum, from oil wells on the property sold profitably. Andrew Carnegie was also associated with other in establishing a steel rolling mill. The civil war as so many wars before it brought from times to the suppliers of the Civil War. The United States of America iron was one of the many profiteers.

Andrew Carnegie made the majority of his fortune in the steel industry controlling the most extensive integrated iron and steel operations ever owned by an individual in the United States of America. Andrew Carnegie's great innovation happened in the cheap and efficient mass production of what became one of the most productive and lucrative industries the steel industry for the rails for the railroad lines. By the year of 1889, the United States of America production or output of the steel exceeded that of the United Kingdom, and the Andrew Carnegie by far could rightfully take most of the praise and accolades for that specific statistic. Andrew Carnegie's empire would expand to include the "J.Edgar Thomson Steel Works"(Carnegie's former boss at the Pennsylvania Railroad.
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