Andrew Carnegie And The Homestead Strike Essay

Andrew Carnegie And The Homestead Strike Essay

Length: 1024 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Andrew Carnegie, Henry Clay Frick and the Homestead Strike
Industrialists Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick could not have come from more different backgrounds. Carnegie was born in the Scottish town of Dunfermline to a very poor family in 1835. When he was 12 years old, his father, a weaver, decided to move the family to the United States in search of better prospects, arriving at what was then the municipality of Allegheny, Pennsylvania, now part of Pittsburgh’s North Side. By that time, Pittsburgh was already known as a major center for the production of steel and other metals. In 1853, at the age of 18, Carnegie was hired as a telegraph operator for the Pennsylvania Railroad, and became a protégé of Thomas A. Scott, who would soon rise to vice president of the company. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Scott was named United States Assistant Secretary of War under fellow Pennsylvanian Simon Cameron due to his knowledge of transportation networks, and in 1874 he took over as president of the PRR. Throughout his rise, Scott helped Carnegie make a number of investments that resulted in him obtaining a considerable amount of fortune and founding the Carnegie Steel Company (Nasaw 59-60).
Frick was born in West Overton, in southwest Pennsylvania, in 1849 to a fairly prosperous family that owned, among others, the Old Overholt rye whiskey distillery. After dropping out of college, he co-founded a coke production company in 1871. In 1880, with financial help from his friend Andrew Mellon, he bought out his partners, and quickly grew the company into the largest coal mining enterprise in the state.
Carnegie and Frick first met in 1881 and entered into a partnership whereby Frick would provide Carnegie Steel with fuel and serve as...

... middle of paper ... and Secretary of State Philander C. Knox, and the AA agreed to drop their lawsuits against each other, and the union never recovered its former importance.
After the resolution of the conflict, Carnegie’s reputation was left seriously damaged, in large part because he departed the country on a trip to Scotland, leaving Frick to handle the unrest. Upon his return, Carnegie defended Frick’s actions during the strike while at the same time distancing himself from the decision-making process and referring to the “Homestead blunder” (Standiford 228). The two men clashed frequently over management of Carnegie Steel during the following years, until the company was finally sold to U.S. Steel in 1901. From that point onward, Carnegie devoted himself to philanthropy, providing his workers with generous pensions and founding museums, libraries and educational institutions.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Great Andrew Carnegie Born

- The beginning was very meager for young Andrew Carnegie born in a small town named Dunfermline in Scotland on November 25th 1835. His father was a hand loom weaver with an immense shroud of pride in his trade and his mother a seamstress who worked with local shoemakers. (Bio. A&E Television Networks) The family was able to survive comfortably for the early years of young Andrews’s life by working in the trades they were skilled in until industry spread to Dunfermline. Andrew’s morals and personality was developed early on in life....   [tags: Andrew Carnegie, Homestead Strike]

Better Essays
2092 words (6 pages)

Essay on Andrew Carnegie And The Rise Of Big Business

- During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the strength of the U.S. economy began transitioning from agricultural to industry. A variety of factors sparked this industrial revolution, but the genius industrial leaders, particularly Andrew Carnegie, allowed big business to take over and dominate the economy. As evidenced in Andrew Carnegie and the Rise of Big Business by Harold C. Livesay, Carnegie mastered and understood the organizational structures and technological factors necessary to run a profitable business....   [tags: Andrew Carnegie, Homestead Strike]

Better Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)

The Mill Steel Strike Essay examples

- Homestead Steel Strike The Homestead Steel Strike occurred in June of 1892. The strike took place in Homestead Pennsylvania and involved the Carnegie Steel Company and the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steen Workers (the AA). The Leader of Carnegie Steel Company was Mr. Andrew Carnegie. His company produced such cheep materials that creations like bridges and skyscrapers were not only feasible but affordable. He was creating a revolutionary period for steel and iron factories. The Amalgamated Association was an American labor union formed in 1876 to represent iron and steel workers....   [tags: Andrew Carnegie, Homestead Strike, Trade union]

Better Essays
1919 words (5.5 pages)

Post Civil War Homestead Strike Essay

- In the early working morning on July 6, 1892, silence overcame the Homestead Steel Works Mill in Pittsburg, as steel workers and laborers waited to defend their steel mill and their jobs. The Homestead Strike was small civil war between laborers and the businessmen who managed them … The American industrial revolution and the boom and bust economy post civil war produced this violent protest and strike against a steel metal factory owned by the successful Andrew Carnegie. Like many wealthy businessmen Carnegie sought out ways to maximize profit, thus he needed to change wages of the working class and or dismantle the unions protecting workers......   [tags: Carnegie, union, revolution]

Better Essays
537 words (1.5 pages)

A Brief Biography of Andrew Carnegie Essay

- There have been many wealthy men Throughout American history, many have been the topic of many heated debates among them, Andrew Carnegie. Andrew Carnegie at one time was the richest man in the world, who immediately after gaining that title began giving his money away. The impact and size of Carnegie’s philanthropic efforts are undeniable, but why he gave so much has been a topic of debate for nearly a century now. Carnegie’s rags to riches story is the epitome of the American dream and has been an inspiration to many entrepreneurs around the world....   [tags: a rags to riches story]

Better Essays
863 words (2.5 pages)

Andrew Carnegie Essay examples

- Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25, 1835 in Dunfermline, the medieval capital of Scotland. His parents were William Carnegie, who was a linen weaver; and Margaret Carnegie, who made shoes. The town of Dunfermline was strongly based in linen weaving, and when the industrial revolution hit, linen workers such as William Carnegie found themselves out of work. Margaret quickly took on additional jobs to help the family, opening a grocery store and fixing shoes. This was an important turning point in Andrew Carnegie's life....   [tags: Gospel of Wealth, Philantropy]

Better Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

Andrew Carnegie Essay

- Doran Ford Exam 2 Video Essay Carnegie Video Richest Man in the World, a PBS video published in 1999, was about the life of Andrew Carnegie. The video talks about everything from his childhood to his rise to power and wealth, to his ventures in philanthropy. It presents a balanced view of the man, portraying him in both positive and negative ways. Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunfermline, Scotland in the year 1835. His father owned several handlooms and made a good living from his weaving early on....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
929 words (2.7 pages)

Andrew Carnegie: The Man Behind the Steel Essay

- Andrew Carnegie: The Man Behind the Steel I chose to right about Andrew Carnegie for the two following reasons. The first being his Scottish heritage, and second being his close ties with the city of Pittsburgh. I happen to have some Scottish blood in me but more importantly I am from Pittsburgh. Andrew Carnegie’s story of rags to riches is slightly more inspiring than that of Henry Clay Frick, his partner. As a Scottish immigrant Carnegie made his ways through the ranks of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company....   [tags: American History Essays]

Free Essays
752 words (2.1 pages)

A Man Who Knew Balance: A Rags-to Riches Tale Essay

- ... His employees had been known to work long shifts that severely fell short reasonable standards of sanitation. Moreover, their salaries were diminutive. It was a not rare for strikes to assemble in protest of the conditions that many laborers were forced to work under. One of the most noteworthy strikes was the Homestead Strike of 1892. During this time, the Carnegie Steel Company had been generated vast amounts of profit, and workers wages had increased accordingly for quite a while. Finally, Carnegie decided to make wage cuts in his steel mills in Homestead, Pennsylvania....   [tags: Andrew Carnagie]

Better Essays
1472 words (4.2 pages)

An Industrial Worker At The Mccormick Harvester Essay

- First let’s start by discussing the history Haymarket. Being an industrial worker during this time was an extremely taxing job. Wages were low, work days were long, and working conditions were dangerous. Due to all of these factors strikes were defiantly not uncommon. On May 3rd a strike at the McCormick Harvester Works in Chicago took place. The police ended up firing into the crowd, killing four people and wounding many more. In response to this incident on May 4th about 1,000 (but due to the rain only a few hundred stayed) laborers met in Haymarket square for what was suppose to be a peaceful protest....   [tags: Black people, White people, Andrew Carnegie]

Better Essays
919 words (2.6 pages)