Andragogy Reflection: Malcom Knowles Essay

Andragogy Reflection: Malcom Knowles Essay

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Andragogy Personal Reflection
Introduction
Malcolm Knowles introduced the term andragogy to the field of educational research in 1968, and he ultimately identified six underlying assumptions about adult learners (Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner, 2007, p. 84). While it may seem obvious now that adult learners have different needs and motivations, it had not been previously delineated or identified as such. The phrase ‘non-traditional student’ has long been used to describe adults who return to an educational setting after they have been out of high school for a few, or many years. A non-traditional student is often one who has not entered college immediately following high school graduation, might have dependents, is financially independent, is working full or part-time, and who, in many cases, is highly motivated to pursue an education with a very specific goal in mind (Palatnick, n.d.). This group of adult learners comprises the subject of andragogy.
Traditional Learning Environment
The phrase traditional learning generally refers to an on-ground, face-to-face classroom setting, with a teacher lecturing from the front of the room. When I attended graduate school, 25 years after graduating from college, my program included weekend-intensive sessions once a month, held at a local college campus. We stayed in the dorms and met throughout the weekend to complete a large portion of one graduate course, which was followed by at-home assignments. One course was taught by a professor who lectured exclusively as his method of teaching. There was little interaction, and no media used. The class met for three hours on Friday evening, six hours on Saturday, and three hours on Sunday morning, for a total of 12 hours of lectures in...


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...ppened precisely because the group was comprised of adult learners who were self-directed, highly motivated, with broad experience and skills, ready to work and anxious to learn. We met all criteria identified in Knowles’ assumptions about adult learners simply because that is what we were, and his assumptions accurately describe the characteristics of this group.



Works Cited

Hoffman, B., Ed. (2011). Andragogy. Encyclopedia of Educational Technology. Retrieved from: http://eet.sdsu.edu/eetwiki/index.php/Andragogy
Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Palatnick, F. (n.d.). Definition of non-traditional students: A paradigm change. Retrieved from: http://www.evolllution.com/opinions/definition-of-non-traditional-students-a-paradigm-change/

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Andragogy Reflection: Malcom Knowles Essay

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