The And Utilitarianism And Rule Utilitarianism Essay

The And Utilitarianism And Rule Utilitarianism Essay

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Utilitarians are people who believe that good is everyone’s pleasure. This is simply what they call general happiness. They believe that happiness is primarily pleasure and the absence of pain. Utilitarians think actions that give most pleasure to a larger quantity of people is morally right. Their two basic view consist of believing that we should nurture everyone’s happiness and not just one’s own, and accepting that some pleasures are bigger than others. Act and Rule Utilitarianism is based on two principles called the Consequentialist Principle and the Utility Principle. The Consequentialist Principle pretty much determines what actions are right from wrong. When determining this, actions are judged based off of the consequences. They believe the right actions will have the best outcomes. This principle does not take any moral evaluations into account, making the outcome of the actions the only thing that matter. The Utility Principle determines what outcomes, or consequences, are best. In this principle, the only thing they take into account is the amount of happiness or unhappiness that takes place, nothing more.
When applying a utilitarian way of thinking, it is thinking that actions are morally right if general happiness is maximized. Act utilitarianism is when a person believes an act is morally right if it is able to maximize full utility. Basically, it should result in a greater amount of good for a larger amount of people than any other alternative. For instance, in our world today, majority of people would view killing as a morally wrong thing to do. However, for act utilitarians, it would depend on the consequences. They believe an act is morally right if it makes a larger number of people happier, no matter what t...


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...not, is considered the moral action.
Act and rule utilitarians both have the similarity of wanting to promote happiness with moral actions. Act utilitarians mainly evaluate each action, wanting to make the largest amount of people happy. Whatever makes the largest amount of people happy is considered moral in their eyes. On the other hand, rule utilitarians are different. They also want to create the most happiness possible, but they view moral actions as fair. They want the actions to result in fairness. Equality means a lot to rule utilitarians. Whatever overall rule will result in more peoples’ happiness whenever a certain situation arises is morally right. These circumstances do not change or have exceptions like act utilitarians do. The main difference between act and rule utilitarians is they use different strategies to decide what actions are morally right.

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The And Utilitarianism And Rule Utilitarianism Essay

- Utilitarians are people who believe that good is everyone’s pleasure. This is simply what they call general happiness. They believe that happiness is primarily pleasure and the absence of pain. Utilitarians think actions that give most pleasure to a larger quantity of people is morally right. Their two basic view consist of believing that we should nurture everyone’s happiness and not just one’s own, and accepting that some pleasures are bigger than others. Act and Rule Utilitarianism is based on two principles called the Consequentialist Principle and the Utility Principle....   [tags: Morality, Utilitarianism, Ethics, Human]

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