When applying a utilitarian way of thinking, it is thinking that actions are morally right if general happiness is maximized. Act utilitarianism is when a person believes an act is morally right if it is able to maximize full utility. Basically, it should result in a greater amount of good for a larger amount of people than any other alternative. For instance, in our world today, majority of people would view killing as a morally wrong thing to do. However, for act utilitarians, it would depend on the consequences. They believe an act is morally right if it makes a larger number of people happier, no matter what t...
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...not, is considered the moral action.
Act and rule utilitarians both have the similarity of wanting to promote happiness with moral actions. Act utilitarians mainly evaluate each action, wanting to make the largest amount of people happy. Whatever makes the largest amount of people happy is considered moral in their eyes. On the other hand, rule utilitarians are different. They also want to create the most happiness possible, but they view moral actions as fair. They want the actions to result in fairness. Equality means a lot to rule utilitarians. Whatever overall rule will result in more peoples’ happiness whenever a certain situation arises is morally right. These circumstances do not change or have exceptions like act utilitarians do. The main difference between act and rule utilitarians is they use different strategies to decide what actions are morally right.
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