The Self-Efficacy Theory was proposed and originated by Albert Bandura in the late 1970s (Hayden, 2014). The purpose of Albert Bandura creating this theory was to connect and explain why two different behavioral treatments showed varying degrees of success in behavior modification. The first behavioral treatment was based around the idea that changes in behavior were the result of insight gained by a therapist. The second behavioral treatment was based around behavior modification in the setting in which the behavior was portrayed. Bandura unified these elements of behavior modification treatment and explained this by illustrating how an individual’s confidence in personal capability contributes to overall individual success in a specific task (Hayden, 2014).
Overview of Core Constructs
The Self-Efficacy Theory has four core constructs that comprise the framework for this theory. The different constructs are mastery experience, vicarious experience, verbal persuasion, and somatic and emotional states. These distinct components construct the core of the theory that discloses the principle that people generally only will attempt things they believe they can successfully accomplish.
Also presented in this theory is the belief that, “efficacious people set challenging goals and maintain strong commitment to them” (Hayden, 2014). This concept differentiates the term “believing”, which is highlighted in this theory as the defining aspect as to why a person would or would not try to accomplish a task. The background personality characteristics of the individual also play a role in the Self-Efficacy Theory. Strong willed individuals have much more confidence regarding what they are able to achieve versus weak...
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...avior modification. This theory is composed of four core constructs .The first construct is mastery experience and is described as the self-confidence felt when an individual is attempting to complete a task that they have once already mastered. The second construct is vicarious experience and is described as the confidence felt when an individual watches someone very much like there own self complete a task. The third construct is verbal persuasions and can be described as the verbal encouragement to complete a task offered from other individuals. The fourth construct is somatic and emotional states and can be described as the negative and positive emotional feelings felt when a task is about to be completed. Collectively all four of theses components of the Self-Efficacy Theory help to outline the driving forces behind personal self-confidence to complete a task.
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