Ancient Roman Catacombs Essay

Ancient Roman Catacombs Essay

Length: 1341 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Ancient Romans used multifarious methods of consecrating the dead; however, the most common method was burial in catacombs. In ancient Rome, a majority of the dead were buried in catacombs, which is a compilation of burial sites with several underground passageways and side recesses for tombs (Safra and Aguilor-Cauz, 943). The catacomb in which one was buried was determined by if the deceased was of Christian, Jewish, or Pagan culture.
Initially, the Christian Catacombs of San Sebastiano were found in the Via Appia, in Rome. The catacombs were thought to be named after Emperor Diocletian, who ruled midway A.D. 284-302 and revolted against Christianity. Consequently, this escapade ultimately caused his death (“Rome's Catacombs”). San Sebastiano can be found resting above the catacombs that are below the thirteenth century church. Recently, a newly built altar was added and now lies on Diocletian's remastered tomb, which rests above the first one (“Romes...”). Several Christians were thought to be buried here, some of which included Peter and Paul, who were thought to be buried in the back of the tomb. Recent discoveries prove that another crypt for Quirinus, a christian martyr, was found; however, “Domus Petri” (Home of Peter) has been carved above the altar in the tomb for several centuries (“Rome's...”). In relation, San Sebastiano held a chapel, called Triclia, specifically for Peter and Paul. Past Visitors carved prayers into the walls of the tomb for the two martyrs (Safra and Aguilor-Cauz, 944). Inside the tomb was a bust of San Sebastian, which was dedicated to an artist by the name of Bernini (See card 4). Some of the paintings in the tomb included a painting of Peter and Paul, “The Crucifixion”, “Massacre of the Innocents...

... middle of paper ...

...ltural Heritage/Culture and Leisure. Roma Capitale, 2007. Web. 26 Apr. 2014.
“CATACOMBS OF ST. CALLIXTUS, THE.” The Catcacombs of St. Callixtus. Salesian Institute of St. Callixtus, Rome. The Christian Catacombs of Rome. The Salesian Institute St. Callixtus, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2014.
Nardo, Don. The Ancient Romans. San Diego, CA: Lucent, 2011. Print.
“Rome’s Catacombs.” Roman Catacombs, Catacombs of Rome. Partnerships for Sustainable Development, 2014. Web. 07 Apr. 2014.
Safra, Jacob E., and Jorge Aguilor-Cauz. “Catacomb.” The New Britannica Encyclopedia. 15th ed. Vol. 2. Chicago/New Delhi/Paris/Seoul Sydney/Tainei/Tokyo: Encyclopedia Britannica, 2007. 934-44. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The True Users of the Roman Catacombs Essay

- When one usually thinks of the catacombs of ancient Rome, images of the dead lying on shelves and persecuted Christians often come to mind. Not to be confused with the Parisian catacombs that were created much later, Rome’s underground complex first appeared at the end of the second century, providing a place for the dead to be buried that was close to the borders of Rome. These burial chambers are often thought of as the final resting place for a great many of the early martyrs of the Church, and while that is often true, they were not the only ones to be buried in this place....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Christians, Burial Chambers]

Strong Essays
1519 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Rome: The Catacombs

- Rome: The Catacombs The word catacomb comes from the Greek word meaning underground burial (5).. Catacombs are just that, underground cemeteries.. The early Christian church in ancient Rome used these cemeteries from the second century to the fifth century AD (5).. At first, these underground burials were only used as cemeteries.. During the persecutions of the Christian church around 64 AD, these catacombs were used as places of refuge for Christians (5).. Here they could celebrate the Eucharist and other ceremonies that were condemned by the Roman government (5).....   [tags: Greece Greeks Religion Essays]

Strong Essays
1470 words (4.2 pages)

Julius Caesar in Ancient Rome Essay

- In the beginning, approximately from 753BC to 338BC, Rome was simply a city-state founded by Italic tribes in central Italy (Consolidation of Italy, April 23rd, 2014). Around 338BC however, the Roman Republic began to take control. There are various reasons for the rise of Rome that include naval dominance, appeasement, improved stability, protection, commerce and government, standardization, infrastructural advance, food allocation, military prowess, and geopolitical (Reasons for Rise of Rome, April 23rd, 2014)....   [tags: Rise of Rome, Roman Empire, Italy]

Strong Essays
900 words (2.6 pages)

The Contributions Of Augustus Caesar, And Emperor Constantine Essay

- Pericles, Augustus Caesar, and Emperor Constantine were all great influences during their time. So once they were all deceased and were brought together in the afterlife, there were always great stories and discussions of their time on earth and all that was accomplished by not only them, but by their culture as a whole. One time, before their most notable argument, Augustus Caesar briefly stated that it was a “blessing and a curse to be associated with the Roman culture because even as the most important contributor to art and architecture in the Western world”, his time as an emperor was actually very stressful and long winded....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Emperor, Rome]

Strong Essays
1257 words (3.6 pages)

Ancient Greeks And The Ancient Roman Cultures Essay

- The two cultures that I will talk about are the ancient Greeks and the ancient roman cultures. Both great civilizations started off as city-states the geography of both of these places differed while for Greek the geographical fragmentation of Greece encouraged political fragmentation. Communications were poor, which led to more rocky paths than actual roads. In early Greek history, a few kingdoms did develop but with the rugged terrain it prohibited them from growing very big. While in Rome in was located with mountains on the east side and the sea on west side....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Ancient Greece, Italy]

Strong Essays
1352 words (3.9 pages)

Ancient Roman Medicine And Surgery Essay

- Ancient Greece and Rome had an assortment of options regarding medicine and surgical tools to fix, heal, and alleviate various ailments and injuries. The ancient Greeks considered medicine a holistic lifestyle that interweaved the spiritual with the physical, often utilizing natural options to remedy diseases and injuries. As for the ancient Romans, their medical knowledge largely stems from the Greeks through combining Greek medical elements into their various specialized fields, and with many Roman physicians gaining hands-on medical knowledge from the battleground....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Strong Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)

Roman Art : Ancient Greece Essay

- Roman artwork is extremely intricate and diverse, however, a lot of what is referred to as Roman art can better be described by the cultures it conquered. The ancient Greeks were the most influential of these cultures, from their temples and sculptures, to their reliefs and paintings. Greece was the first culture to create major programs for sculpture, painting, and architecture. Many of the first Roman artists were of Greek descent as their artwork reflects the Classical and Hellenistic periods of ancient Greece....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Rome, Roman Republic]

Strong Essays
2107 words (6 pages)

Ancient Civilization Of The Roman Empire Essay

- When we take a look at why civilizations rise when others fall, the ancient civilization of the Roman Empire stands out as notable, if not particular. Ancient Rome remains one of the most prestigious empires in history due to its geography, specifically how the country of Italy was protected from invaders, the benefit of the Italian land, the civilization being at the center of trade and the diversity of the empire’s population. That being said, the ancient civilization of the Romans was able to succeed as long as it did due to the empire’s geographical advantage of being in the heart of Italy....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Rome, Italy]

Strong Essays
1385 words (4 pages)

Essay on The Roman Economy During Ancient Times

- Merriam-Websters dictionary defines economy as “the process or system by which goods and services are produced, sold, and bought in a country or region”. In both Rome and Greece, the economy was bustling, because the people would sell good to other civilization in order to continuously grow enough food to feed themselves. Many systems that were in place in antiquity are still around in our modern times. The Roman economy during antiquity time was made up of many different aspects but the Roman economy relied heavily on the use of slave labor and agriculture....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman Republic]

Strong Essays
974 words (2.8 pages)

Women During Ancient Roman Society Essay

- There were various significant roles bestowed upon women that contributed to the abundance that was the ancient Roman society. Women in ancient Rome were principally viewed in the same way the way the males in their lives portrayed themselves publicly, and were valued through their roles as daughters, wives, and then mothers. Based on the husband fathers amount of power and money, their women were allowed more freedom. A farmers wife or daughter would not have been able to have many rights, but a caesar’s wife or daughter would have a little more freedom....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Roman law, Rome]

Strong Essays
1276 words (3.6 pages)