Ancient River Civilizations

Ancient River Civilizations

Length: 638 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Approximately 5500 years ago four of the worlds' most prestigious ancient river civilizations had emerged. Our world has been left in astonishment and awe wondering how these civilizations were developed. Egypt and Mesopotamia were the first ancient river civilizations to create cities and their own ways of living. Society, geography, and religion played an enormous role in the development of the ancient cities. Although there is evidence of early Sumerian contact with the Egyptians, Egypt's civilization was largely self-generated and its history and cultural patterns differed from Mesopotamia.
The early Dynastic Period was Egypt?s era of initial unification and state building under the guidelines of its first three royal dynasties. In the years between 2660 and 2180 B. C. the basic marks of the cultures of Egypt arose. Egypt was one kingdom and it was divided into provinces, or the names of provinces. Ruling over the kingdom was a pharaoh, who was not only a king but was also seen as a god. Provinces were ruled by nomarchs better known as provincial governors. The Egyptians devised themselves into classes, upper class, middle class, and a lower class. The pharaoh and his family were at the top of the Egyptian class system. People could move from one class to another depending on their situations.
Mesopotamian civilization exercised profound and cultural influence throughout west Asia and beyond for about 3,000 years. Mesopotamia had many independent city-states with its own government and ruler. Priests ruled these city-states with other administrators such as organizers and managers. Since turmoil and tension would often arise between the city-states, Mesopotamian Political Unification was rarely achieved. Mesopotamia was constantly invaded by foreigners who would incorporate their culture into newly society and form a new one by force.
The Mesopotamian geography affected their society because Mesopotamia was located on an open plain without protection from foreign intrusions. Egypt, on the other hand, was centered on the Nile River ad protected by natural boundaries. This allowed Egypt?s kingdom for prosper and last for thousands of years. Mesopotamia was not considered a nation or country, it was considered a region between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers that established a number of highly organized city-states. Since each city-state was independent there was no capital of Mesopotamia.
Religion was very important to the ancient Egyptians the believed in many gods, meaning they were polytheistic.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Ancient River Civilizations." 05 Dec 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Differences Between The Nile And Indus River Valley Civilizations Essay

- The Nile and Indus River Valley civilizations were both unique civilizations in their own way in comparison. Yet despite being separated by thousands of miles there are similarities in these two ancient civilizations. It is seen that amongst ancient civilizations, rivers are fundamental for them to prosper and provide for a relatively stable society for which a people can grow and develop. There are general similarities with pinpoint differences as well as general differences with pinpoint similarities....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization]

Research Papers
1525 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Ancient Civilizations And The Ancient World

- Throughout the test of time one question has remained, what does it mean to be a human. In the ancient world this question was both pondered and ignored. Two ancient civilizations had very different thoughts when it came to human life, these civilizations being the Greeks and the Egyptians. When one examines the religion and government of these two great civilizations a very stark contrast is seen. Egypt, an advanced kingdom in the northeast of Africa worshipped numerous gods, one of these gods being their pharaoh....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptians, Ancient Greece]

Research Papers
1448 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Ancient Egypt Civilization : Ancient And Modern Egypt

- Ancient and Modern Egypt ( ) There are some countries that have a large civilization, but how many countries have had a successful civilization throughout its existence. What if there is a country has a civilization from 7000 years ago that has a rich history, various progresses, cultures, governments, customs, and habits. A lot of its heritages still until now. Egypt was one of the most wonderful civilizations in human history. Ancient Egyptians lived around the Nile River, where they found the rich soil for cropping and invented tools to build their successful civilization....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Nile, Egypt, Civilization]

Research Papers
998 words (2.9 pages)

Ancient Civilizations Of Egypt And Mesopotamia Essay

- There will always be words of great ancient civilization passed by mouth and text, and many are known by most people. Those not educated on the matter might answer Rome or Greece as the top two ancient civilizations. The truth behind it is, historians have been gathering information for years and have narrowed it down to two choices: Egypt and Mesopotamia, and I’m here to backup the reason for their strengths. The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia greatly influenced the makeup of later empires through their forward thinking through universal language throughout the empire, strategic building (around waterways like rivers and lakes), and advances in educational matters (sciences,...   [tags: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient history]

Research Papers
1498 words (4.3 pages)

Ancient Mesopotamian And Egyptian Civilizations Essays

- Ancient Mesopotamian and Egyptian civilizations would not be as successful as they were without living by the Tigris, Euphrates, and Nile rivers. Rivers shaped the development of civilization in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia by how they utilized the floods, what they traded, their views on religion, and controlling the rivers. Both Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt utilized their rivers to trade with other civilizations. Common resources that were traded were wood, grains, textiles, and oils. The Nile River gave Egyptians access to the Mediterranean Sea, which made trade with the Greeks possible....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Iraq]

Research Papers
775 words (2.2 pages)

Geography and its Effect in Ancient Civilizations Essay

- In ancient civilizations, geography affected them in so many ways, like the climate, resources, and the landscape that they use. The climates affect them because monsoons were offend common that brought heavy rain and wind to the area. The mountains provided them with protection against invasions, but the mountains were also used for trading with other to get the resources that they needed. In Ancient Greece they use many of their geography to help them be the civilization that they wanted to be....   [tags: Climate, Rivers]

Research Papers
682 words (1.9 pages)

Similarities And Differences Between Ancient Civilizations Essay

- Ancient civilizations are primitive, yet advanced for their time period. It is astonishing to learn about how our ancestors were able to develop languages, build intricate structures, and create well-planned cities without the luxury of advanced technology. Ancient civilizations can have many similarities; however, only a few aspects of a civilization can make it stand out from the other civilizations of the time. The Egyptians and the Sumerians are two peoples that established great kingdoms with many similarities and differences....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Sumer]

Research Papers
1534 words (4.4 pages)

The Importance of the Nile to Ancient Egypt Essay

- The Nile played an important role in the life of the ancient Egyptians. It makes life in the deserts of Egypt possible. It provided drinking water, a source of irrigation for crops, and most importantly the fertile soil used to grow crops. Without the Nile River it would have been difficult for Egyptian civilizations to survive. The Nile provided the crucial resources needed by a growing civilization. It caused all the ancient Egyptian communities to develop alongside the river. It also created a way of transportation of goods and people....   [tags: Ancient Egypt]

Research Papers
1311 words (3.7 pages)

Ancient Mesopotamia Essay

- It is undeniable that the natural environment of ancient Mesopotamia had a profound effect on the earliest civilizations known to the world. Humankind’s ability to control irrigation waters directly correlates with the rise of mass agriculture. With this mastery of their river environment, early farmers were capable of supporting large urban populations. However, in Mesopotamia the Tigris and Euphrates rivers were both a source of life as well as destruction for early societies. In many ways, the geography of ancient Mesopotamia fostered a sense of catastrophic determinism within the Sumerians, Akkadians, and Babylonians....   [tags: Ancient Civilizations ]

Research Papers
1014 words (2.9 pages)

Ancient Egypt - Land of the River Essays

- Ancient Egypt - Land of the River "All of Egypt is the gift of the Nile." It was the Greek historian Herodotus who made that observation. The remarkable benefits of the Nile are clear to everyone, but through history he was the first to talk about it and consider its fascination. Through history, the Nile played a major role in the building of civilizations. The first civilizations to appear in history started on a river valley or in a place where resources are numerous and example of these are in India where Indus river is found and Tigris where Euphrates is found and many other places (cradles of civilization)....   [tags: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History]

Free Essays
1685 words (4.8 pages)

Each god had their own role to play in maintaining peace and harmony across the land. Some gods and goddesses took part in creation, some offered protection and others took care of the people after they died. They also had gods who represented minor things such as plants and animals. The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to recognize and worship these gods and goddesses so that life continued smoothly.
Although both Mesopotamians and Egyptians are polytheistic, they have their differences. Religion had a primary role in Mesopotamia. Religion and government were combined. In Mesopotamia each town and city was believed to be protected by its own unique god. The temple was the center of worship, but was also the center for every city part of Mesopotamia. With their strong beliefs they also thought that the gods could be annoyed at what you did and punish you, or they could be pleased and reward you. This made the leaders in the temples almost as powerful as the kings, where as in Egypt the kings were already considered gods.
Contemporary cultures owe much of their belief and governing systems to the ancient river civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia?s legacy of political unrest still lives on today in the turmoil in Iran and Iraq, while Egypt continues to maintain its place in the world as a major power. Today people of color should be proud to know that their cultural origins were rich, intelligent, diverse, and powerful.
Return to