Mesopotamia is located in the Tigris-Euphrates Valley; the first cities to exist came about by the Sumerian people around 4000-3000 BCE. The cities of Mesopotamians emerged as a result of population growth as well as the findings of the fertile land with a sufficient water source. Each city was said to have its own local god in which their people worshipped according to cuneiform tablets from the third millennium BCE. Because it was believed that every local gods owned the specific city, the city was also called “temple towns” because a temple dedicated to the god was built in the center of the town. These temples were named Ziggurats. The Ziggurats was built similarly to the pyramids in ancient Egypt however they had different features such as a staircase structure . These unique structures were built because it was believed to be a link between heaven and earth allowing humans to ascend ritually in the presence of god . The second dif...
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...e statues of the gods and presented it with offerings for thanks on past loyalties or to secure a good relationship with the gods for the future. The ritual symbolized the borders of Egypt to reinforce the pharaoh’s dominion over the whole kingdom .
Ancient Egyptian religious rituals such as the Heb Sed and ancient Mesopotamia’s Akitu festival both are very important to the society. Ancient Egyptians thanked their past king and repeated the coronation to continue the reign as a new king renewal of power. The Mesopotamians devoted their rituals to serving their gods who where believed to control the natural forces. Mesopotamia had no natural borders like ancient Egypt had and were often prone to floods. The Sumerians feared their gods because of the natural disasters that may occur. However, ancient Egyptians were comfortable and the Pharaohs saw themselves as gods.
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