Ancient Greek and Roman Architecture Essays

Ancient Greek and Roman Architecture Essays

Length: 1021 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Roman Architecture

Roman architecture implemented many characteristics of Ancient Greek architecture. The Romans showed the influence of their engineering skills and secular monuments, while Greek architecture exhibited the influence of their gods and ideas of physical perfection. The use of arches, the dome and concrete permitted the ancient Romans to attain extraordinary achievements in the construction of imposing structures for public use. While showing the magnificence of the Greeks and their practical application, as well as their creativity, the Romans established architectural features that remain to this day.

As the Roman population grew larger, the buildings they used for meetings and markets had to expand. This presented a problem with the Greek use of columns. The Greeks used the "post and lintel" system for designing a building. It is simply the idea of standing two columns vertically and placing a beam across them; a simple and easy assembly, yet not a durable one. Since the building needed to be so large to accommodate the large crowds, it called for more columns to hold it up. This made the Romans turn to engineers, and thus the arch was created. The use of arches enabled the weight of the structure to be evenly spread out, as well as pushing the weight down toward the ground. This prevented many structures, like the Colosseum, from disintegrating under its mass. The arches supported so much weight; architects could take away columns that, before, were crucial.

The Colosseum is an enormous oval amphitheater in the center of Rome, making it literally and symbolically the heart of Rome. It was commissioned by the emperor Vespasian and constructed of concrete and stone. It could hold an estimated 50,000 to 80,000...


... middle of paper ...


...reeks, the Romans improved greatly in the way they planned and enhanced those designs. They made many new innovations in architecture, produced revolutionary designs and building materials leaving an immense impact on architecture that can still be seen today.




Works Cited
Cartwright, Mark. "Roman Architecture." Roman Architecture. N.p., 5 Oct. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Greek and Roman Architecture. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1980. Print.
Hopkins, Keith, and Mary Beard. The Colosseum. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2005. Print.
"Pantheon." Pantheon. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
"Roman Colosseum Architecture." Roman Colosseum RSS. N.p., 3 Jan. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
"Roman Empire & Colosseum." Roman Colosseum. N.p., 2008. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
"Roman Pantheon." Rome.info. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Sear, Frank. Roman Architecture. London: Routledge, 1998. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Comparing Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman Architecture

- The two ancient civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome were the best of the best during their time periods. Ancient Greece began around 2000 B.C. by the inhabitants known as the Mycenaean’s, followed by the Minoans. The Minoans built the foundation of Greece. The Roman Empire was founded around 753 B.C. by the two twins, Romulus and Remus. Romulus ended up killing Remus and built the city of Rome on one of seven rolling hills. Architecture was very important to both civilizations and they were always trying to out due the other....   [tags: Architecture]

Strong Essays
1128 words (3.2 pages)

Similarities Between Greek And Roman Architecture Essay

- Have you ever seen or visited the Capital building, Washington or amphitheater of Arlinton, Virginia or Cabin John bridge of Washington aqueduct. If an answer is yes, then have you ever think that how we come up with this type of buildings. These all buildings’ basic structures are based on the Greek and Roman cultures’ architecture. Historical records of Western culture in Europe begin with Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Roman culture was very inspired from the Greece culture and they had used very basic ideas to build buildings and temples, to portrait sculpture....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Ancient Greece, Zeus]

Strong Essays
1827 words (5.2 pages)

Influence Of Ancient Greek And Roman On China Essay

- The first complex society began to develop in the twenty-seventh century and more began to emerge over the next hundreds of centuries. New emerging societies began to receive influence from those already established. The city focused on is proof of this. In the examination of the site, there is significant evidence of the influence ancient Greek and Roman had on the the different aspects of the site which produced a complex society. These aspects include the site’s social, religious, educational and political values, as well as the state of their military and agriculture....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Strong Essays
727 words (2.1 pages)

Ancient Greek And Roman Civilization Essay

- The great feats of the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations are fact and still stand today after a long stretch of time. The term “ ‘classical’ essentially means ‘perfect’ or ‘complete’ ” (Pothorn 26). This relates to ancient Greek culture, art, literature or regarded as representing an exemplary standard or a traditional long-standing form or style. The Greek and Roman art of architecture has certainly held it’s style for “the formulas they invented as early as the sixth century B.C. have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia” (Architecture)....   [tags: Doric order, Ionic order, Corinthian order]

Strong Essays
1796 words (5.1 pages)

The Greek, Roman, and U.S Governments Essay

- Ancient Roman Banquet I will have a public banquet.The public banquet was common for celebrations like Christmas and Easter but, I’m going to have one on October 9th. The feast is going to be held in my friend John’s banquet room . I will have food of all types like fish, vegetables , cheese and bread. I will have appetizers, a main course, and dessert. The servers will be servants. The servants will be paid a reasonable amount. They will carry the expensive silverware and the fragile plates....   [tags: inventions, architecture]

Free Essays
653 words (1.9 pages)

A Representation Of Ancient Roman Architecture Essay

- Pantheon is located in the Italian capital Rome, the northern circular plaza, it is one of the oldest buildings in Rome, is also a representation of ancient Roman architecture. The original history of the Pantheon dates back to the 27th year of the Roman Republic, which was built by Octavian 's deputy, Agri Barba, to commemorate Octavius ' defeat of Anthony and Anlapatra. But the original temple was burned in the fire in AD 80. It was not rebuilt until 125 AD by Emperor Hadrian, who inscribed "M.AGRIPPA.L.F.COS.TERTIUM.FECIT" in the rebuilt portico of the Pantheon....   [tags: Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Dome, Justinian I]

Strong Essays
1408 words (4 pages)

The Revival Of Ancient Greek And Roman Culture Essay

- Many could argue if the Renaissance really happened, or if it did not. Although the Renaissance included the revival of ancient Greek and Roman culture including classical art, literature, architecture and education, the people of the Renaissance failed to noticed this rebirth. The changes with humans being more significant, and the new art and literature being influenced by Greek and Roman culture was taking place without a spark within the Italian people. However, although the people of the Renaissance didn’t realize these changes were arising, these changes would affect what Western thought would become today....   [tags: Protestant Reformation, Catholic Church]

Strong Essays
1120 words (3.2 pages)

Roman Architecture Essay

- When one thinks of Roman architecture, many things come to mind, such as arches, columns, statues, and richly covered surfaces in marbles. One must stop to think that this empire, which gained power and influence in the first century BC, must have been influenced from the thousands of years of cultures preceding them in order to create their masterpieces of ingenuity. This phenomenon can be seen in our borrowing of ideas of ancient Greece and Rome for the construction of our capitol buildings in the United States....   [tags: Architecture]

Strong Essays
1441 words (4.1 pages)

Ancient Greek Theater Architecture Essay

- Ancient Greek Theater Architecture Many aspects of ancient Greek theaters have long been studied and debated. Much of the information about these theaters is based on speculation due to the fact that so little of them still exist today. This lack of remnants especially applies to the architecture of the early Greek Theaters. However, through archeological finds and years of studying the people, the plays, and the architecture of the time, we are able to make many conclusions about these early structures....   [tags: Architecture History]

Strong Essays
2138 words (6.1 pages)

Greek And Roman Arches Essay

- Greek and Roman Arches and Architecture Architectural designs changed greatly since the ancient times. Most famous architectures and sculptures today originated from the Greek and Roman civilizations. Moreover, some of the inventions from those civilizations are also being used today, such as the arch, which originated from Roman architecture, and the columns, which originated from the Greek architecture. Throughout history, these architectures and inventions have become the foundations for our buildings, churches, and much more....   [tags: History, Art, Architecture]

Free Essays
325 words (0.9 pages)