Roman architecture implemented many characteristics of Ancient Greek architecture. The Romans showed the influence of their engineering skills and secular monuments, while Greek architecture exhibited the influence of their gods and ideas of physical perfection. The use of arches, the dome and concrete permitted the ancient Romans to attain extraordinary achievements in the construction of imposing structures for public use. While showing the magnificence of the Greeks and their practical application, as well as their creativity, the Romans established architectural features that remain to this day.
As the Roman population grew larger, the buildings they used for meetings and markets had to expand. This presented a problem with the Greek use of columns. The Greeks used the "post and lintel" system for designing a building. It is simply the idea of standing two columns vertically and placing a beam across them; a simple and easy assembly, yet not a durable one. Since the building needed to be so large to accommodate the large crowds, it called for more columns to hold it up. This made the Romans turn to engineers, and thus the arch was created. The use of arches enabled the weight of the structure to be evenly spread out, as well as pushing the weight down toward the ground. This prevented many structures, like the Colosseum, from disintegrating under its mass. The arches supported so much weight; architects could take away columns that, before, were crucial.
The Colosseum is an enormous oval amphitheater in the center of Rome, making it literally and symbolically the heart of Rome. It was commissioned by the emperor Vespasian and constructed of concrete and stone. It could hold an estimated 50,000 to 80,000...
... middle of paper ...
...reeks, the Romans improved greatly in the way they planned and enhanced those designs. They made many new innovations in architecture, produced revolutionary designs and building materials leaving an immense impact on architecture that can still be seen today.
Cartwright, Mark. "Roman Architecture." Roman Architecture. N.p., 5 Oct. 2013. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Greek and Roman Architecture. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1980. Print.
Hopkins, Keith, and Mary Beard. The Colosseum. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2005. Print.
"Pantheon." Pantheon. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
"Roman Colosseum Architecture." Roman Colosseum RSS. N.p., 3 Jan. 2012. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
"Roman Empire & Colosseum." Roman Colosseum. N.p., 2008. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
"Roman Pantheon." Rome.info. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.
Sear, Frank. Roman Architecture. London: Routledge, 1998. Print.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The two ancient civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome were the best of the best during their time periods. Ancient Greece began around 2000 B.C. by the inhabitants known as the Mycenaean’s, followed by the Minoans. The Minoans built the foundation of Greece. The Roman Empire was founded around 753 B.C. by the two twins, Romulus and Remus. Romulus ended up killing Remus and built the city of Rome on one of seven rolling hills. Architecture was very important to both civilizations and they were always trying to out due the other.... [tags: Architecture]
1128 words (3.2 pages)
- Ancient Roman Banquet I will have a public banquet.The public banquet was common for celebrations like Christmas and Easter but, I’m going to have one on October 9th. The feast is going to be held in my friend John’s banquet room . I will have food of all types like fish, vegetables , cheese and bread. I will have appetizers, a main course, and dessert. The servers will be servants. The servants will be paid a reasonable amount. They will carry the expensive silverware and the fragile plates.... [tags: inventions, architecture]
653 words (1.9 pages)
- When one thinks of Roman architecture, many things come to mind, such as arches, columns, statues, and richly covered surfaces in marbles. One must stop to think that this empire, which gained power and influence in the first century BC, must have been influenced from the thousands of years of cultures preceding them in order to create their masterpieces of ingenuity. This phenomenon can be seen in our borrowing of ideas of ancient Greece and Rome for the construction of our capitol buildings in the United States.... [tags: Architecture]
1441 words (4.1 pages)
- Ancient Greek Theater Architecture Many aspects of ancient Greek theaters have long been studied and debated. Much of the information about these theaters is based on speculation due to the fact that so little of them still exist today. This lack of remnants especially applies to the architecture of the early Greek Theaters. However, through archeological finds and years of studying the people, the plays, and the architecture of the time, we are able to make many conclusions about these early structures.... [tags: Architecture History]
2138 words (6.1 pages)
- ADV History of The Arts Religion was immensely significant during The Roman Empire, considering that the first Roman architects were priests. The priests would compose beautiful places exclusively for the gods. Many of these gods were those adapted from other cultures, like the greeks(JCPS). This prevented uprisings from conquered territories.The Romans used many of the Greeks ideas but they used their own new materials and ideas to make the Roman Empire one of the most famously known sites for their extraordinary architecture.(Moulton, 56 v.1) The local people would then worship at these places.... [tags: religion, roman temples]
1171 words (3.3 pages)
- The influences of any era is evident through artwork and architecture. During the Middle Ages the main influence was the church, this is evident through the focus on biblical and religious symbols. During the Renaissance the main focus was the study of people. This is shown through the increase in self portraits and classical antiquity-inspired buildings. The change between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance is best shown through the art and architecture, demonstrated specifically through an emphasis on religion and classical antiquity, both suggesting a clear cultural change.... [tags: middle ages, renaissance, architecture]
936 words (2.7 pages)
- Western civilization is what we call modern society that mainly includes North America and Western Europe. But how did this western way of life come to be. Their are many different ways but mainly through ancient cultures. The two main ones are the Greek and Roman. Greece with their golden age and Rome with its great Empire and Republic and also together. Their are many ways in which western civilization is like the ancient Greek civilization. They started the Olympic games. Greeks come up with the idea of an alphabet that it still used today.... [tags: greek roman society]
582 words (1.7 pages)
- Greek and Roman Arches and Architecture Architectural designs changed greatly since the ancient times. Most famous architectures and sculptures today originated from the Greek and Roman civilizations. Moreover, some of the inventions from those civilizations are also being used today, such as the arch, which originated from Roman architecture, and the columns, which originated from the Greek architecture. Throughout history, these architectures and inventions have become the foundations for our buildings, churches, and much more.... [tags: History, Art, Architecture]
325 words (0.9 pages)
- Greek and Roman Architecture Greek and Roman architecture is truly amazing. They each had great ideas, and fabulous productions. It is said that the Pantheon is to Italy what the Parthenon is to Greece. Both are tremendous monuments that reek of culture and history. Each had a purpose which was displayed by the design and construction of each. There are such great meanings behind each of these architecural structures. The Romans and the Greeks alike worshipped and dedicated their structures and designs to the Gods and Goddess they believed in.... [tags: Papers Culture History Greece Italy Essays]
1104 words (3.2 pages)
- Classical Greek Architecture The reuse of older art works in contemporary times is not an uncommon occurrence, and many examples can be seen throughout the day as one goes from place to place. Even when one is browsing through the World Wide Web can many uses of older art and architecture be seen, as with the example shown. This image was found on the internet at the American Express homepage (http://www.americanexpress.com/student/), which functions as a resource for college students to find access to many commercial advertisements about discounts and products relevant for students.... [tags: Greece Greek Essays]
1285 words (3.7 pages)