Nowadays, that possibility of a direct justice is a utopia, and we have to elect people who decide for us. We have chosen a representative way to deal with our politics, our laws and our justice. These are our three powers. In the area of the law, we have judges. In the Superior Courts, these judges are named by the federal government, which we elect. We give to this elected people an enormous amount of power, and by consequence, an enormous amount of responsibility. But we do not give them all the power, we limit their terms, and we impose them rules to respect. There is a contract between the voters, who elects a representative, and the representative, who has to negotiate with other parties, with other powers, who they are accountable for their actions. That is why democracy is central for the purpose of courts. Because we can choose again if we made a mistake before.
2. Supreme Court is the last court, the last possibility of appeal in criminal, civil and constitutional ...
... middle of paper ...
... the Civil and Criminal Code has been reformed. Before that, a judge could not rule against the law, and the judges had the power of investigators. With this new code, the Prosecutors have started to investigate on their cases, and the judges resolve after seeing the evidence, the jurisprudence and the Code. Courts also deal with both civil and criminal cases since the arriving of the new civil code.
4. The Provincial Courts are the mostly busy, because they receive the largest amount of cases. From then on, other courts inherit cases: the appellants who do not speak English or French would go to a Provincial Court to have their cases settled. A big percentage of this cases (around 96%, source, Quebec Manual for Interpreters until 2008) are settled in this first area of Justice, the Provincial Courts. A bigger amount of cases brings a bigger amount of allophones.
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