Essay on Ancient Greece And Ancient Rome

Essay on Ancient Greece And Ancient Rome

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Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome both left impacting contributions that have resonated through Western Civilization for over two thousand years. In the areas of religion, culture, and economics, the Ancient Rome was greatly influenced by Ancient Greece, but Rome also left their own mark. Greece left impressions on the Rome by way of commercial interaction between traders that settled in Southern Italy. Greeks influenced Rome in areas such as ethics, duties, national cults, literature, and architecture. However, Romans did not copy the Greeks, but rather took ideas from the Greek culture as well as the Etruscans and other Mediterranean peoples and changed them to suit their own ideals and incorporate them into their society. However, the same can be said regarding the Ancient Greeks. Early Greek culture was influenced by Egyptian culture. Egypt gave the ancient Greeks the custom of naming their gods as well as religious ideas like the idea of the underworld.
In early ancient Greece, cultural values could be found within the pages of The Iliad and The Odyssey. Both works included the Greek value of excellence, which was a strong notion of obligation and duty. The Greek word Xenia, meaning to be respected no matter the situation, complemented the Greek value of excellence. The value of excellence was displayed in the life of the Greek hero Achilles. Achilles lived and died, always to be the best. To Achilles shame and disgrace were worse than death. The guest-host relationship was also important in Greek culture. Hospitality was an important virtue, and was exhibited by Odysseus’s wife Penelope in The Odyssey. Penelope preserved the household while Odysseus was away and was fiercely loyal to her husband. Men were to strive for excel...


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...eeks and barbarians. Large steps were taken with improving agricultural after the discovery of iron, which was more durable than copper and could produce better farming tools to increase agricultural production which increased population growth. During the Archaic Age trade impacted the economy significantly, especially in Corinth and Athens. In Corinth, experienced large amounts of sea and land trade due to its convenient geographical location that made it very accessible. Corinth was located on an isthmus that connected Northern Greece and Southern Greece. Corinth experienced profitable trading and obtained large amounts of revenue from its pottery trade and from harbor taxes. Corinth was also the foremost shipbuilding center in Greece at this time. Athens was also a bustling center for sea trade, and eventually became the leading exporter of pottery in Greece.

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