In early ancient Greece, cultural values could be found within the pages of The Iliad and The Odyssey. Both works included the Greek value of excellence, which was a strong notion of obligation and duty. The Greek word Xenia, meaning to be respected no matter the situation, complemented the Greek value of excellence. The value of excellence was displayed in the life of the Greek hero Achilles. Achilles lived and died, always to be the best. To Achilles shame and disgrace were worse than death. The guest-host relationship was also important in Greek culture. Hospitality was an important virtue, and was exhibited by Odysseus’s wife Penelope in The Odyssey. Penelope preserved the household while Odysseus was away and was fiercely loyal to her husband. Men were to strive for excel...
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...eeks and barbarians. Large steps were taken with improving agricultural after the discovery of iron, which was more durable than copper and could produce better farming tools to increase agricultural production which increased population growth. During the Archaic Age trade impacted the economy significantly, especially in Corinth and Athens. In Corinth, experienced large amounts of sea and land trade due to its convenient geographical location that made it very accessible. Corinth was located on an isthmus that connected Northern Greece and Southern Greece. Corinth experienced profitable trading and obtained large amounts of revenue from its pottery trade and from harbor taxes. Corinth was also the foremost shipbuilding center in Greece at this time. Athens was also a bustling center for sea trade, and eventually became the leading exporter of pottery in Greece.
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