The Female King
Ancient Egypt has commonly been a fascination of modern man. Every child has a period of time where they believe they will be an archaeologist and discover the next great Egyptian secret. All of them have heard of King Tut or more commonly known gods such as Ra or Anubis. However, there is one ruler of Egypt who is largely overlooked: Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut was not only the first female to maintain the status of pharaoh; she was also one of the most, if not the most successful pharaohs who has ever lived.
Hatshepsut was born to king Thutmose the I by his great wife, Ahmose, around 1508 BCE, during the new Kingdom of Egypt. She was one of five children through his great wife, but Hatshepsut was the only one who was still alive when Thutmose the I died. At his death, Hatshepsut married a half brother Thutmose the I had with one of his lesser wives, Thutmose the II, in order to maintain the purity of the royal bloodline. In her marriage to Thutmose the II, Hatshepsut was the great wife and thereby ruled as queen by his side. Thutmose the II would listen to Hatshepsut’s ideas, so much that even before she had the official role of pharaoh, she was influencing the decisions regarding Egypt. After 15 years as pharaoh, Thutmose the II died. Thutmose the II had no sons through Hatshepsut, only a daughter. However, he did have a son born to a concubine named Isis. Since his son, Thutmose the III, was too young to take the throne,
Hatshepsut acted as his regent. This means the she was the ruling authority on behalf of Thutmose the III.
Originally, Hatshepsut ruled as Thutmose the III’s regent in a traditional sense; she soon crowned herself as pharaoh. She did not u...
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...y to be recognized as one of the most successful leaders of ancient Egypt.
Cooney, Kara. "Who Remembers the Greatest Woman to Rule the Ancient World?." Time.Com (November 6, 2014): N.PAG. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 6, 2015).
Creasman, Pearce. "Hatshepsut and the Politics of Punt." African Archaeological Review 31, no. 3 (September 2014): 395-405. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 6, 2015).
"Hatshepsut." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6Th Edition (December 2013): 1. Academic Search Premier, EBSCOhost (accessed March 6, 2015).
Hillard, Kristina and Wurtzel, Kate. “Power and Gender in Ancient Egypt: The Case of Hatshepsut.” Are Education 62, no. 3 (May 2009): 25-31. Academic Search Premier, JSTOR (accessed March 6, 2015)
Tyldesley, Joyce A. Hatchepsut: the Female Pharaoh. London: Viking, 1996. Print.
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