First, we will discuss their cultures. Hierarchy ruled Mesopotamia society. Generally, in Mesopotamian society, there were three main social classes. The first, and highest class, was the nobility. Nobility included priests and priest-kings. These were the city 's tax collectors. If you were of nobility, you were in charge of maintenance, construction, and organization of the canals (Hagler, n.d.). The second class were the free people, who were a mixture of the middle and lower classes. The middle classwas made up of the merchants, craftsmen, and any other tradesmen (Hagler, n.d.) The lower classwas made up of the farmers, fishermen, shepherds, and hunters. The lower class was responsible for the food supply. last there was the slave class, the lowest class, who was made up of prisoners of war. They could be bought or sold (Hagler, n.d.).
TheEgyptian people were grouped in a hierarchical system, similar to Mesopotamia. Unlike Mesopotamia, Egyptians believed that the gods controlled all aspects of their lives. The Egyptians also had more than three social classes, which I will describe in order from most to least importance. At the top was the most powerful, the Pharaoh. His duties compiled of maintaining law and order, keeping Egypt safe from attacks or invasions, and keeping the Gods happy. Under the Pharaoh is the ch...
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...s and along the banks of the Nile river. They would form the papyrus into sheets and scrolls which would be filled with writing such as religious texts to literature and music. To aid in writing on their papyrus scrolls, ink was created. To this day, ancient Egyptian ink can be still seen either entirely or partially visible on manuscripts. Lastly, there was makeup. Egyptians, male and female, believed hygiene and their appearance was of utmost importance. Appearances aside, makeup was also worn for medical, religious and cultural reasons.
In conclusion, thepeople of Egypt and Mesopotamia were the forerunners of ancient times. They created simple things in their societies, their style of art, and their innovations that contributed to modern day. Without the Egyptians and Mesopotamians, we may not have come this far in farming, writing, or how society is governed.
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