Ancient Egyptian culture is made up of hieroglyphics, afterlife rituals, architecture, paintings, and sculptures. Egyptian history began about 3,000 B.C.E. with hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics is a complex system of writing using ancient Egyptian symbols. The first hieroglyphics were used on tomb walls, dedicated to the Pharaohs, who were considered gods. The word hieroglyph means “god 's words”, and Ancient Egyptians thought hieroglyphics were sacred. For this reason, hieroglyphs were carved onto sacred structures, such as temples. The Egyptian people had a hierarchy, in which the Pharaoh was at the highest level, as a king and a god. Pharaohs acquired wealth, power, and large egos because they were the sole rulers. For the Egyptians most of the important art produced during the 3,000 years of Egyptian civilization was for the tombs, because the afterlife became more important to them than their short and impermanent existence.
To ensure immortality ancient Egyptians followed certain funerary practices. These practices included mummifying the body and being buried with grave goods that would be needed in the afterlife. The grave goods included weapons, palettes, jewelry, furniture, and other every day items. In order to live for all eternity the body had to be preserved by mummification, this way the soul could reunite with it in the afterlife. Mummifying the body was suppose to last thousands of years if the wrappings were untouched and the coffin was not opened. The importance of preserving the physical body emerged in ancient Egypt. Some feared the bodies would rise again if mistreated after death. This explains why people did not follow the practice of cremation, but rather buried the dead. The larger the tomb ...
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...nd allows its soul to occupy another body in the afterlife. The Egyptian sarcophagus is a special coffin, carved to resemble the face of the deceased and hieroglyphics described the life of the person in it. The bodies are there forever, and the description of the person is for their spirit to find and remember itself. To Egyptians sarcophagus meant 'possessor of life ' relating back to the afterlife and being reborn. Western culture believes that a sarcophagus is a 'possessor of death '. The most famous sarcophagus belongs to the nineteen year old ruler, King Tutankhamun. Three thousand years after his death his tomb remained intact and had many treasures covered in gold. The Scribes are a form of sculpture found in the tombs. They were the personal assistants of the Pharaohs, and they are sculpted to continue assisting their Pharaoh in the afterlife.
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