Ancient Civilizations Of Egypt And Mesopotamia Essay

Ancient Civilizations Of Egypt And Mesopotamia Essay

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There will always be words of great ancient civilization passed by mouth and text, and many are known by most people. Those not educated on the matter might answer Rome or Greece as the top two ancient civilizations. The truth behind it is, historians have been gathering information for years and have narrowed it down to two choices: Egypt and Mesopotamia, and I’m here to backup the reason for their strengths. The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia greatly influenced the makeup of later empires through their forward thinking through universal language throughout the empire, strategic building (around waterways like rivers and lakes), and advances in educational matters (sciences, maths, etc.).

The Egyptian government had their own take on theocratic government format. The Egyptians were ruled by Pharoahs. According to HistoryWorld.org, “The Pharaoh was held to be descended from god, with the power to assure prosperity and control rituals that assured the flow of the Nile and the fertility derived from irrigation.” Thus, the Pharaoh was believed to have the blood of god, in turn assured his power over the kingdom until he died in which his oldest male offspring would take his place (except in the case of Cleopatra). This soon evolved to the point in which the Pharaoh was worshipped right alongside the gods. The King/Pharaoh also followed an extensive bureaucracy, recruited from the nobles that are specifically trained in writing and law (Jones, 70). As you can see, this situation leads towards a path of arrogance and self-praise, to the point where select Pharaohs would build great pyramids in their honor or as their tombstones (Jones, 75. These became a wonder because there has been speculation as to how they were abl...


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...ined lasting powers over the areas around them. Both civilizations gave for a safe haven that flourished into the development of new sciences, mathematics, and technologies. Moth developed independent languages and calendars, and Mesopotamia made the “increments of 60 minutes in an hour” concept. Both were leaders in medicines and maths, although Mesopotamia happened to get more credit for their developments of basic algebra and sciences. Both civilizations have made a lasting impact on the world and will always be held as two of the greatest, most influential ancient civilizations known to man. The reasons for their lasting imprints were their forward thinking through universal language throughout the empire was strategic building (around waterways like rivers and lakes), advances in educational matters (sciences, maths, etc.), and complex government and cultures.


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