The Ancient City of Jerash Essay

The Ancient City of Jerash Essay

Length: 1525 words (4.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview


This essay is going to discuss the ancient city of Jerash (Gerasa) that is in modern day Jordan, with particular emphasis on the Christian community and their churches. Along with the rise of the Christian community in Jerash, there was rapid increase of the building of multiple churches in the fifth and sixth centuries, and why this may have occurred in such a small amount of time. This culminated in the last church being erected just before 611 AD, which was before the city started on a slow decline beginning with a Persian invasion. Next the essay will discuss the Muslim invasion which happened after the Persian invasion and how this impacted on the Christian community within Jerash. Following on from this there appears to have been natural disasters which speeded up the decline of Jerash and the city’s fortunes and ending with the total abandonment by the 12th century.

The name, Gerasa (Jerash) which was how it was written by the Greeks, is a Semitic word. However there have been no traces of a settlement which is older than the Hellenistic period. Modern day writers know more about Jerash from the ruins rather than through ancient writers, with the few sparse references to the city not being the most insightful. The city of Jerash most probably was not a big feature in ancient history due to the fact that the city was too far removed from the major cities of the ancient world (Crowfoot, 1931, 2). This could be one of the reasons why Jerash was abandoned later as the world around it changed, and the inhabitants, including the Christian community who had put in so much time to the creation of the numerous churches left.

Jerash as a city had started to decline through the connection with Rome, and Rome’s deterioration, this...


... middle of paper ...


...us reasons such as economic, invasion by foreign power as well as natural disasters which hastened the city’s decline. The Christian community within Jerash appears to have made a quick impact upon the first few hundred years in the city setting itself up as a major player and showing their dominance of being a new popular religion as well as demonstrating how Jerash was an important city at the time of the rapid church building.



Works Cited

Berrett L (1996) Discovering the World of the Bible, Grandin Book Co, USA

Crowfoot JW (1931) Churches at Jerash: A Preliminary Report of the Joint Yale British School Expeditions to Jerash, 1928-1930,

Kraeling C (1938) Gerasa, city of the Decapolis, American Schools Of Oriental Research, New Haven, Connecticut
Ring T (1995) International Dictionary of Historic Places: Middle East and Africa, Fitzroy Dearborn, Incorporate

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Economic Aspects Of The Ancient City Essay

- A strong city consists of a strong economy. By examining the economic aspects of the ancient city, the economic similarities between the ancient city and complex societies will unravel. The north and south agora are marketplaces for the people. Since there is a north and south agora presented in the ancient city, it shows that the market consisted of a huge population. Furthermore, the Civil Basilica was also present within the ancient city, which emphasizes on the seriousness of the business transactions....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Religion]

Powerful Essays
945 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on The Historical City Of Ancient Egypt

- Ancient Egypt, one of the four great ancient civilizations and is located in northeast Africa, in the middle and lower reaches of the Nile River region. The history of Ancient Egypt is great and far-reaching. Until now Ancient Egypt also can often mentioned by people. Moreover, there are many prehistoric cities established in Ancient Egypt and these cities full of legendary stories and rich history and culture. Memphis is a typical historical city in Ancient Egypt. There are three aspects could show the history of Memphis which is urban origins of Memphis, urban development of Memphis and morphology of Memphis....   [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Cairo]

Powerful Essays
1936 words (5.5 pages)

Spart A Unique City State Of Ancient Greece Essay

- Ancient Greece was culture rich society comprised of multiple city-states that were located throughout the Mediterranean Sea. Even though these areas were in close proximity to each other their cultures, beliefs, and customs varied extensively. Some of these city-states focused on a traditional way of things where as others went on to form their own way of doing things. Sparta was by far the superior city-state in ancient Greece. This was due to its unique culture, its strong soldiers and army, and its inclusion and recognition of women in society....   [tags: Sparta, Battle of Thermopylae, Ancient Greece]

Powerful Essays
1465 words (4.2 pages)

The Most Powerful Greek City Of Ancient Greece Essay

- The Persians had four significant wars which were the Ionin revolt, Persian invasion one, Persian invasion two as well as Persian invasion three through all of these wars they lost all of them which made them not discouraged but aggravated to fight more though they were persistent they had no luck braking Greece’s power house military as well as government The Persians were taking over many society knew them in the hopes of ruling parts of ancient Greece city states around the Aegean as well as the Mediterranean Sea in doing so they could strengthen and gain crucial land boundaries to make their military as well as society stronger but before they could do this they came across the Ionian’...   [tags: Ancient Greece, Sparta, Battle of Thermopylae]

Powerful Essays
2000 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on Greece : The Archaic Age Of Ancient Greece

- During the Archaic Age of Ancient Greece, circa 776-500 B.C.E., the population growth in Ancient Greece called a need for more food supplies, and this demand was met by trade, establishing colonies, and by warfare to seize more land (Making Europe 71). According to Kidner, the Archaic Age “brought a revival of culture, the economy, and political significance to Greece” (71). As Greece began to overpopulate, methods for dealing with the overpopulation had to be found, once of these methods was to import food, which caused an expansion of Greek commerce and production of trade goods (Making Europe 71)....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Greece, Archaic Greece, City-state]

Powerful Essays
1493 words (4.3 pages)

Exploring Homer's Iliad as a Source of Information about the Ancient City of Troy

- Homer was the ancient Greek poet said to have lived between around the 8th and 9th century B.C. Some believe that he was born on the island of Chios and others say he was in Ionia. He was said to be a court singer and a storyteller. He is famous for the writings of the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey. While there is controversy weather or not Homer alone wrote these pieces or many other people wrote it over a period of time and even if Homer was an actual person. Homer also wrote Homeric Hymns which are short poems celebrating various Gods....   [tags: Ancient Greece, Greek History, Trojan war]

Powerful Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Essay about The Ancient City State Civilization

- The Maya are an indigenous people whose culture had built a thriving ancient city-state civilization in Mesoamerica. MesoAmerica is the location that lies in the area from Mexico to South America. An area considered to be the 'middle ' of the Americas and is also known as the Central Americas. Along with the Maya, there are many other indigenous cultures in the Mesoamerican area. Some of these other cultures are the Mexica (Aztecs), Mixtec, Purepecha, Huastec, Olmac, Toltec, Zapotec, and Teotihuacan....   [tags: Maya civilization, Mesoamerica, Culture]

Powerful Essays
1804 words (5.2 pages)

The Ancient City Of Aleppo Essay

- The ancient city of Aleppo is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. But the name Aleppo now evokes apocalyptic scenes of destruction and despair, a city reduced to rubble, a child wiping blood from his face. Aleppo has become a byword for human misery. As bombardment intensifies, hundreds have been killed in this past week. Food has run out, and no hospitals are functioning. The situation is catastrophic. Syria 's Bana falls silent... But now the seven-year-old tweeter from Aleppo appears to have posted once more, to the relief of her 227,000 followers....   [tags: United Nations, World War II, Humanitarian aid]

Powerful Essays
798 words (2.3 pages)

Ancient Egypt And Ancient Mesopotamia Essay

- Ancient Egypt and ancient Mesopotamia, without them we may not have many of the things we consider standard technology in modern day. Although they both helped shape modern society, the Egyptians and Mesopotamian people had other similarities, as well as differences. These differences and similarities can be seen between their societies, their style of art, and their innovations that contributed to modern day. First, we will discuss their cultures. Hierarchy ruled Mesopotamia society. Generally, in Mesopotamian society, there were three main social classes....   [tags: Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient history]

Powerful Essays
943 words (2.7 pages)

The Ancient City Essay

- The Ancient City Pompeii 'How democratic was Pompeian politics?'; In order to answer the above question, it is first necessary to consider the exact meaning of the term 'democracy';. Whilst it is difficult to give an exact definition of the word, it is certainly possible to create a list of the implications of democratic government for a society and its citizens. Perhaps the most obvious of these implications, certainly when considered from a modern standpoint, would be that every full member of a society would be considered as being equal, and thus would have an equal say in the running and appointing of a government....   [tags: essays research papers]

Free Essays
434 words (1.2 pages)