Humans traveled long distances during the last ice age that lasted about 100,000 years. Sea levels were low, and the planet was easily traversed. When the ice age began to come to an end about 12,000 years ago, the ice melted, sea levels rose, land bridges disappeared, and nomadic clans became isolated on various continents. Humans were stuck where they were and had to adapt to extreme environments. Severe heat, high humidity, strong winds, and freezing, cold temperatures gave rise to miniscule, genetic differences in these populations. Out of the 3 billion letters in the human genome, few mutations are responsible for the slight, physical differences from one human to another. According to the science of genetics, all humans belong to the same species. Humans differ by only .01% in their genetic makeup; therefore, one may conclude that racial discrimination does not exist on a biological level. Racial discrimination is a result of cultural practices and instruction from elders in a society (could have told ya that without DNA).
Advancements in DNA testing have proved that all humans living today can be traced back to the same group of humans living in Africa 200,000 years ago. In 2013, geneticists at the University of Arizona discovered a Y chromosome in the genome of several male subjects that confirmed they shared a common ancestor with a male living in Africa 200,000 years ago. Mitochondrial DNA, passed on by females, has been traced back to one woman living in Africa 150,000 to 200,000 years ago. Science refers to these two specimens in Biblical fashion as Y-chromosomal Adam and Mitochondrial Eve. They were not the only living, modern humans and probably did not know each other, but their bit of genetic...
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...ut a bit of creative intervention at some point requires an astronomical leap of faith.
Science is adequately providing the answers to what happened, where it happened, and pretty close to when it happened. Faith reveals who lit the fuse that initiated the Big Bang and breathed life into the first organisms. The spiritual nature of man and his high level of consciousness make him human and answers the why question. Man possesses unique characteristics that cannot be defined by a mathematical equation.
The human species is pretty well-established and will most probably become extinct over some religious squabble or by some accident tinkering around with WMDs. Unless of course, the planet is whacked by an asteroid, scorched by a super-volcanic eruption, iced over by a massive climate change, or barbecued by a coronal mass ejection from the sun (bring on the ribs).
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