Breast Cancer Anatomy and Physiology
The anatomy of the breast of very complex it is a mass of glandular, fatty and connective tissue. The breast is made up of ducts – tubes that transport milk from the lobules to the nipple, lobules - glands that produce milk, fatty and connective tissue - surrounds and protects the ducts and lobules and gives shape to the breast, areola - circular area around the nipple that contains small sweat glands which secrete moisture as a lubricant while breast-feeding, and the nipple - the area at the center of the areola where the milk comes out. There are also lymph nodes involved with breast cancer. According to Huether and McCance (2012) it is possible to consider four hormones that is hypothesized for leading to breast cancer: estrogen, progesterone, prolactin, and testosterone. If tumors are to grow larger than one millimeter in diameter it begins to develop blood vessels known as angiogenesis (Canzona et al., 2016). When the tumor cells are dividing at a rapid speed and creating its own supply and demand for oxygen and nutrients it deprives the host of energy. Energy is need for t...
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...ociated with changes in desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, pain, and satisfaction. Knowing the affects of these treatments it is salient the healthcare provider is aware of the patient’s overall status and how this may be interfering with her sexual function.
Breast cancer is a disease that can take over and destroy many aspects of her life. As a health care provider it is imperative to have the conversation about sexual intimacy as well as how to love herself during these transformations and treatments. Every patient is different and has a unique story. Talking with them and asking the personal question or providing the appropriate information can be affective in her healing path. Knowing that the patient is a whole person with a past, present, and future; not just the disease that is being treated can allow them to express there concerns about their sexuality.
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