Analyzing The Assertions By Hume Essay

Analyzing The Assertions By Hume Essay

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The paper will critically reconstruct the assertions by Hume in his book that what begins to exist must have a cause for its existence is neither intuitive nor certainly demonstrated. This will include and analysis of the causation argument and the effects towards induction. The conclusions, the premises and their reasons as given by Hume in his other works will also be examined. The paper will analyze the reasons given by Hume and establish whether they are a good enough. Comments on whether his conclusions follow will also feature in the paper.
Reconstruction of the argument
In the (Iep.utm.edu, 2016) article, Hume’s causation argument is the basis for other arguments in his book. They start with his empirical axiom known as the copy principle which translates to that impressions are the source of all of our ideas. The mind associates ideas via natural connections and philosophical connections. The natural connections may include cause and effect, contiguity and resemblance. Hume also notes that cause and effect is one of the philosophical relations whose relata are not connected by any principle but instead the mind puts then side by side. The relation of cause and effect is critical in thinking and Hume sees it as the relations between object of discovery.
One cannot tell what an object can cause by simply analyzing it or examining it if the object is entirely new to the observer. By just examining the physical qualities a foreign object one cannot deduce its causes and effect.

For example, observing a person take a seat will tell the seat is meant to be sat on but this is influenced by experience. In the absence of experience and any knowledge of the seat, an individual would come to numerous conclusions about the seat suc...


... middle of paper ...


... if there is no knowledge of the idea of the connection between cause and effect then there is no idea of the will of God. This theory then becomes unpersuasive with no hard explanation for the genesis of the notion of necessary connection (O 'Neill, 1978).
Conclusion
Taking Hume’s arguments and conclusions it becomes apparent that his theories can be challenged. It is hard to discriminate between constant conjunctions that are purely accidental from those that are truly causal. In that case, it presents the idea that objects related as cause and effect are contiguous. Hume claims cause and effect are only temporally so even if we used spatial contiguity there would be examples that would counter this. Like night will follow the day but the day is not the cause of the night. Hume’s comments on the cause and effect can be challenged objectively as done in the paper.

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