Reconstruction of the argument
In the (Iep.utm.edu, 2016) article, Hume’s causation argument is the basis for other arguments in his book. They start with his empirical axiom known as the copy principle which translates to that impressions are the source of all of our ideas. The mind associates ideas via natural connections and philosophical connections. The natural connections may include cause and effect, contiguity and resemblance. Hume also notes that cause and effect is one of the philosophical relations whose relata are not connected by any principle but instead the mind puts then side by side. The relation of cause and effect is critical in thinking and Hume sees it as the relations between object of discovery.
One cannot tell what an object can cause by simply analyzing it or examining it if the object is entirely new to the observer. By just examining the physical qualities a foreign object one cannot deduce its causes and effect.
For example, observing a person take a seat will tell the seat is meant to be sat on but this is influenced by experience. In the absence of experience and any knowledge of the seat, an individual would come to numerous conclusions about the seat suc...
... middle of paper ...
... if there is no knowledge of the idea of the connection between cause and effect then there is no idea of the will of God. This theory then becomes unpersuasive with no hard explanation for the genesis of the notion of necessary connection (O 'Neill, 1978).
Taking Hume’s arguments and conclusions it becomes apparent that his theories can be challenged. It is hard to discriminate between constant conjunctions that are purely accidental from those that are truly causal. In that case, it presents the idea that objects related as cause and effect are contiguous. Hume claims cause and effect are only temporally so even if we used spatial contiguity there would be examples that would counter this. Like night will follow the day but the day is not the cause of the night. Hume’s comments on the cause and effect can be challenged objectively as done in the paper.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- DAVID HUME (1711-1776) is considered as one of the more notable philosophers that was a representative of the empiricism. Hume stated that it was critical that the concept of causality wasn’t denied and that this principle had an existing objective. He argued that cause and effect are factors that not are united by ties needed; if not that his union is arbitrary. By custom or by habits, nothing ensures that the logical or experience happens without a cause. For example the Sunrise necessarily follows an effect: supply of heat to the Earth.... [tags: Metaphysics, Ontology, Causality, David Hume]
817 words (2.3 pages)
- David Hume wrote Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding in 1748, right in the middle of the Enlightenment and on the eve of the Industrial and Scientific Revolution. So it only makes sense that some of the ideas and comparisons used are slightly outdated, but science, if anything, helps his argument regarding causality. Hume is ultimately concerned with the origins of causality, how we are able to gain knowledge from causality, and if we can even call the knowledge derived from causality real knowledge.... [tags: David Hume, Enlightenment]
1049 words (3 pages)
- David Hume was an imperialist philosopher who revolutionized scientific argument and methodology with his skepticism. His arguments about the way people though up to his day, and still today, are fundamental in explaining how we gain knowledge and what we do with this knowledge. Hume helped pave a road leading toward a higher state of consciousness for humanity with his theory concerning the perceptions of the mind. He divided the minds perception into two distinct group's impression and ideas. With these two classifications Hume rationalized the depths of human understanding.... [tags: David Hume, Knowledge, philosophy]
1766 words (5 pages)
- In An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding, David Hume demonstrates how there is no way to rationally make any claims about future occurrences. According to Hume knowledge of matters of fact come from previous experience. From building on this rationale, Hume goes on to prove how, as humans we can only make inferences on what will happen in the future, based on our experiences of the past. But he points out that we are incorrect to believe that we are justified in using our experience of the past as a means of evidence of what will happen in the future.... [tags: Philosophy Hume Philosophical Essays]
1020 words (2.9 pages)
- Hume's Wide Construal of the Virtues ABSTRACT: The term "virtue" has traditionally been used to designate morally good character traits such as benevolence, charity, honesty, wisdom, and honor. Although ethicists do not commonly offer a definitive list of virtues, the number of virtues discussed is often short and their moral significance is clear. Hume's analysis of the virtues departs from this tradition both in terms of the quantity of virtues discussed and their obvious moral significance.... [tags: Hume Virtues Virtue Philosophy Papers]
3849 words (11 pages)
- Metaphysics as Addressed by Kant and Hume In the Prolegomena, Kant states that reading David Hume, "awakened him from his dogmatic slumber." It was Hume's An Inquiry Concerning Human Understanding that made Kant aware of issues and prejudices in his life that he had previously been unaware of. This further prompted Kant to respond to Hume with his own analysis on the theory of metaphysics. Kant did not feel that Hume dealt with these matters adequately and resolved to pick up where Hume had left off, specifically addressing the question of whether metaphysics as a science is possible.... [tags: Papers Kant Hume Philosophy Essays]
1383 words (4 pages)
- David Hume - Naturalistic Metaethics, Politics, and Psychology ABSTRACT: According to the views expressed in this paper, influences unrelated to the conclusions of Immanuel Kant and G. E. Moore respecting what they saw as the appropriate foundation for moral systems seems to have been at work in the reactions of both to the earlier criticisms of David Hume. Building on a "recent meeting" with Hume in a pub on Princes Street in Edinburgh, I develop the suggestion that both Kant and Moore were loyal to traditional notions of an intuited, non-prudential basis for ethical injunctions.... [tags: Philosophy David Hume]
3933 words (11.2 pages)
- Hume’s ultimate goal in his philosophic endeavors was to undermine abstruse Philosophy. By focusing on the aspect of reason, Hume shows there are limitations to philosophy. Since he did not know the limits, he proposed to use reason to the best of his ability, but when he came to a boundary, that was the limit. He conjectured that we must study reason to find out what is beyond the capability of reason. Hume began his first examination if the mind by classifying its contents as Perceptions.... [tags: Philosophy Philosophical Hume Kant Essays]
1749 words (5 pages)
- In Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion we are introduced to three characters that serve the purpose to debate God and his nature, more specifically, what can mankind infer about God and his nature. The three characters; Demea, Philo, and Cleanthes all engage in a debate concerning this question and they all serve the purpose of supporting their views on the subject. It is the “argument from design” put forth by Cleanthes that is the focal point of the discussion, and it is Demea and Philo who attempt to discredit it.... [tags: Hume Religious Essays]
1522 words (4.3 pages)
- Many different philosophers have their own way of looking at not only the world, but society as a whole. This is clearly seen with the two philosopher’s Kant and Hume. Though totally different styles of philosophizing and looking at an ethical theory, it is not to say that one’s theory is better or more justified than the other. It is perhaps a different point of view or another opinion to take in. We must not directly rule out either Hume or Kant because both of their ethical theories have been approved by numerous philosophers and scholars alike.... [tags: Hume Kant Compare Contrast Philosophy Essays]
1110 words (3.2 pages)