Analytical Thinking Under Distrust Essays

Analytical Thinking Under Distrust Essays

Length: 748 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In our social environment we run into the danger that someone is lying to us, distorts a fact when reproducing it, or perhaps entirely omits an important detail. It is widely known that people from time to time say an untruth. The high prevalence of deception and lie telling is well documented in research (e.g. DePaulo & Kashy, 1998; DePaulo, Kashy, Kirkendol, Wyer, & Epstein, 1996). Our ability to notice or recognise deception and lies and in a next step to respond appropriately is not very far-reaching. We are only marginally capable of distinguishing truth from falsehood. Even trained people, such as police officers, succeed only slightly better than a lay person in detecting liars. Further on they are to no greater degree sure that a person is telling the truth (Akehurst, Koehnken, Vrij, & Bull, 1996).
Function of distrust
However, due to the very high probability of being deceived and being lied to in combination with our incapacity of knowing whether we can bestow somebody's faith, a good portion of distrust can be seen as healthy and in some extreme cases even important for survival? Previous research showed that distrust leads to a deeper and more accurate elaboration of information and as one possible consequence to the formation of alternative hypotheses, so-called counter scenarios (Schul, Burnstein, & Bardi, 1996; Schul, Mayo, & Burnstein, 2008). Distrust leads to a more elaborated information processing that allows a controlling for possible alternative explanations as well as possible inconsistencies. We assume that one of the most relevant functions of distrust is not to be guided through a first impression, or an obvious plausibility (Schul et al., 2008):
“distrust is interpreted as the tendency of individuals to...

... middle of paper ...

...e bias where information proceeds in a biased manner.
The aim of the present study thus was to investigate the influence of unconscious distrust in distinguishing truth from falsehood. In addition, we would like to find out about the cues which were used to come to a decision. First, we assume that distrust enhances especially the reasoning process, with regard to the logical consistency of arguments, probably leading to an increased analytical thinking. Thus, the increased inclination to verify possible inconsistencies should improve veracity judgments because “inconsistency” is a rather valid cue to distinguish truth from lies (DePaulo, Lindsay, Malone, Muhlenbruck, Charlton, & Cooper, 2003). Second, the control for inconsistencies should furthermore decrease the widespread tendency of a belief bias. Both assumptions were examined in the present two experiments.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Leadership, Organizational Skills, And Critical Thinking And Analytical Abilities

- An MBA along with good work ethics, organizational skills, and critical thinking and analytical abilities, are more likely to be hired in today’s market place than those with moderate experience. These basic skills and principles are all centered around the fundamental tenant of leadership. The ability to consistently display strong leadership skills is essential in today’s market. Of course, with leadership, strong ethics must also be instilled to avoid situations that have previously destroyed companies like Enron, WorldCom, and Tyco to name a few....   [tags: Leadership, Management, Ethical leadership, Skill]

Better Essays
1301 words (3.7 pages)

Karen Horney's The Distrust Between the Sexes Essay

- Karen Horney's "The Distrust Between the Sexes" In Karen Horney's "The Distrust Between the Sexes," she attempts to explain the problems in the relationships between men and women. She writes that to understand the problem you must first understand that problems stem from a common background. A large amount of suspiciousness is due to people's intensity of emotions. Early in Horney's essay, she defines passion and discusses why it is rare. People do not feel safe putting all of their faith and trust in only one other person....   [tags: Karen Horney Distrust Between the Sexes]

Better Essays
734 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Understanding General Distrust Of Corporations

- References Adams, J. E., Highhouse, S., & Zickar, M. J. (2010). Understanding general distrust of corporations. Corporate Reputation Review, 13(1), 38-51. Two Psychology Professors conducted a study about distrust of corporation. The authors give out definition of "trust" and background information about six variables: cynicism, just world belief, human nature, liberalism, affect, interpersonal trust as well as correlation hypotheses of corporation distrust and each variable. About 161 participants answered the questionnaire via email, which is the limitation of the study since it had a small sample size....   [tags: Leadership, Positive psychology, Motivation]

Better Essays
1148 words (3.3 pages)

Distrust Paradigms in the Ender's Game Novel Essay

- How long has it been since distrust has played a major role in your life or someone else’s life: a month, a week, or maybe even a day. Whether you acknowledge it or not, distrust is a major factor and focal point for many vital events that transpire in our lifetime. In Ender’s Game, written by Orson Scott Card, distrust is a central leitmotif to the development of the novel. Similarly, mistrust and deception are fundamental facets in: our lives, the community, and even the ever-expanding universe....   [tags: osron card, downing street memo, distrust]

Better Essays
1759 words (5 pages)

Problem Solving, Higher Order Thinking And Analytical Thinking Skills Essay

- Often children struggle to understand the difference between ‘wants’ and ‘needs.’ This struggle found its way into gifted education with the case of C.C. v. North Allegheny School District (2011). In this case, C.C. was identified as gifted in elementary school and his academic strengths were noted as problem solving, higher order thinking and analytical thinking skills. At issue in this case was the district’s refusal to permit C.C. to take two Advanced Placement courses, AP Psychology and AP Economics, that are typically not available to students in C.C.’s grade level....   [tags: High school, Education, Gifted education]

Better Essays
1514 words (4.3 pages)

Essay about Distrust Of Democracy

- Distrust of Democracy “A government big enough to give you everything you want is big enough to take away everything you have” (Democracy Quotes). Years ago, Thomas Jefferson was among many who, during drafting and ratification of the constitution, voiced their wariness over the creation of a strong national government. Professor I.M. Skeptic argues that the constitution was born out of a distrust of democracy. I do believe that the constitution was created out of distrust; however I believe this distrust is for a strong central government that was displayed through Britain 's monarchy, not of democracy....   [tags: Separation of powers, United States, Democracy]

Better Essays
1290 words (3.7 pages)

Critical Thinking : Critical Mind Essay

- What is critical thinking. What comes to mind when you think of it and try to break down what it is. Critical thinking is best described by The critical thinking community as aka (cct) “Critical thinking is that mode of thinking — about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully analyzing, assessing, and reconstructing it. Critical thinking is self-directed, self-disciplined, self-monitored, and self-corrective thinking.” Critical thinking can be defined as three important elements....   [tags: Critical thinking, Thought, Reasoning, Logic]

Better Essays
1168 words (3.3 pages)

The Impact of Attending Seminars to the Development of the Analytical Skill of Financial Management Students

- The study tackles about “The Impact of Attending Seminars to the Development of the Analytical Skill of the Financial Management Students”. The discussion started by introducing what is seminars and its main purpose. Seminars help a lot to spread and inform the people about new informations and ideas. It provides also opportunities to the attendees to meet and know formal persons in different industries. The importance of seminars could also enhance skills of the attendees specifically the analytical skill of a person....   [tags: finance, analytical skill, seminars]

Free Essays
1981 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on Reflection in Iris Murdoch's Under the Net

- Reflection in Iris Murdoch's Under the Net   In her novel Under the Net, Iris Murdoch examines the nature of reality through the thoughts and relationships of the novel's main character, Jake Donaghue. A recurring theme in the novel is the idea of reflection, in both senses of the word: Jake is continually thinking about ideas, and he is also forever trying to see himself as he really is. Many of the instances of reflection in the novel occur near rivers or are connected in some way to currents....   [tags: Iris Murdoch Under the Net]

Better Essays
2319 words (6.6 pages)

Thinking Critically Essay

- We have covered many topics during the last five weeks, including decision-making models, fallacies and their significance to critical thinking, analyzing work-related situations, and tools and techniques that we can use to solve, fix and head off problems. I would like to sum up the course reviewing how ethics influence our daily decision-making as well as touching on the impact technology has had on work-related stress. The Influence of Ethics on Decision-Making Most businesses that offer leadership-training courses stress the need for human skills throughout all managerial levels....   [tags: Decision Making Critical Thinking]

Free Essays
1170 words (3.3 pages)