Analytical Thinking Under Distrust Essays

No Works Cited
Length: 748 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Yellow      
Open Document

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

In our social environment we run into the danger that someone is lying to us, distorts a fact when reproducing it, or perhaps entirely omits an important detail. It is widely known that people from time to time say an untruth. The high prevalence of deception and lie telling is well documented in research (e.g. DePaulo & Kashy, 1998; DePaulo, Kashy, Kirkendol, Wyer, & Epstein, 1996). Our ability to notice or recognise deception and lies and in a next step to respond appropriately is not very far-reaching. We are only marginally capable of distinguishing truth from falsehood. Even trained people, such as police officers, succeed only slightly better than a lay person in detecting liars. Further on they are to no greater degree sure that a person is telling the truth (Akehurst, Koehnken, Vrij, & Bull, 1996).
Function of distrust
However, due to the very high probability of being deceived and being lied to in combination with our incapacity of knowing whether we can bestow somebody's faith, a good portion of distrust can be seen as healthy and in some extreme cases even important for survival? Previous research showed that distrust leads to a deeper and more accurate elaboration of information and as one possible consequence to the formation of alternative hypotheses, so-called counter scenarios (Schul, Burnstein, & Bardi, 1996; Schul, Mayo, & Burnstein, 2008). Distrust leads to a more elaborated information processing that allows a controlling for possible alternative explanations as well as possible inconsistencies. We assume that one of the most relevant functions of distrust is not to be guided through a first impression, or an obvious plausibility (Schul et al., 2008):
“distrust is interpreted as the tendency of individuals to...

... middle of paper ...

...e bias where information proceeds in a biased manner.
The aim of the present study thus was to investigate the influence of unconscious distrust in distinguishing truth from falsehood. In addition, we would like to find out about the cues which were used to come to a decision. First, we assume that distrust enhances especially the reasoning process, with regard to the logical consistency of arguments, probably leading to an increased analytical thinking. Thus, the increased inclination to verify possible inconsistencies should improve veracity judgments because “inconsistency” is a rather valid cue to distinguish truth from lies (DePaulo, Lindsay, Malone, Muhlenbruck, Charlton, & Cooper, 2003). Second, the control for inconsistencies should furthermore decrease the widespread tendency of a belief bias. Both assumptions were examined in the present two experiments.

Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

This essay is 100% guaranteed.

Title Length Color Rating  
Karen Horney's The Distrust Between the Sexes Essay - Karen Horney's "The Distrust Between the Sexes" In Karen Horney's "The Distrust Between the Sexes," she attempts to explain the problems in the relationships between men and women. She writes that to understand the problem you must first understand that problems stem from a common background. A large amount of suspiciousness is due to people's intensity of emotions. Early in Horney's essay, she defines passion and discusses why it is rare. People do not feel safe putting all of their faith and trust in only one other person....   [tags: Karen Horney Distrust Between the Sexes] 734 words
(2.1 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Distrust Paradigms in the Ender's Game Novel Essay - How long has it been since distrust has played a major role in your life or someone else’s life: a month, a week, or maybe even a day. Whether you acknowledge it or not, distrust is a major factor and focal point for many vital events that transpire in our lifetime. In Ender’s Game, written by Orson Scott Card, distrust is a central leitmotif to the development of the novel. Similarly, mistrust and deception are fundamental facets in: our lives, the community, and even the ever-expanding universe....   [tags: osron card, downing street memo, distrust]
:: 7 Works Cited
1759 words
(5 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Creative Thinking, Logical Thinking, and Persuasive Thinking - In thinking and decision making, it will be analyzed on three different types of thinking styles. The three thinking styles analyzed are Creative thinking, Logical thinking, and Persuasive thinking. These three thinking styles are some of the many important styles used in a workplace. Creative, logical, and persuasive is a great mix of thinking styles that helps a company becomes very successful in completing a job task. The three different types of thinking will be spoken of on how they each affect the critical thinking process....   [tags: Thinking Styles] 1278 words
(3.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Creative and Critical Thinking Essay examples - Knowledge is generated through critical and creative thinking. Creative thinking is something new or original that is created with value. Critical thinking is a type of thinking that questions assumptions and validates or invalidates a current belief or something that is said to be previously true. Knowledge is created through the culmination of generally accepted assumptions and creativity. How do you separate general assumptions and creativity. These two types of thinking can be easily separated in regards to concrete or realistic ideas compared to abstract or original ideas however to generate new, acceptable knowledge critical and creative thinking must interact together....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
:: 1 Works Cited
1256 words
(3.6 pages)
Better Essays [preview]
Developing Critical Thinking Essay - A person is not born as a good critical thinker. The first thing that is needed is a level of maturity having the ability to conceptualize and understand the world (Boss, 2010). The skills that are associated with a person that has good critical thinking are: Analytical Skills: recognize and evaluate arguments to filter through to the truth. Effective Communication: ability to listen, speak, and write effectively. Research Skills: ability to gather, evaluate, and create supporting evidence. (Boss, 2010) In teaching critical thinking, Dr....   [tags: Critical Thinking Reflection]
:: 4 Works Cited
1129 words
(3.2 pages)
Good Essays [preview]
Essay on Reflection in Iris Murdoch's Under the Net - Reflection in Iris Murdoch's Under the Net   In her novel Under the Net, Iris Murdoch examines the nature of reality through the thoughts and relationships of the novel's main character, Jake Donaghue. A recurring theme in the novel is the idea of reflection, in both senses of the word: Jake is continually thinking about ideas, and he is also forever trying to see himself as he really is. Many of the instances of reflection in the novel occur near rivers or are connected in some way to currents....   [tags: Iris Murdoch Under the Net] 2319 words
(6.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay about Use of Critical Thinking in Education - Many different meanings come to mind when I hear the words critical thinking. “No single definition of critical thinking is widely accepted”, is what Jane S. Halonen wrote in a scholar article. When teachers are asked what their meaning of critical thinking is they have many diferent answers. “As teachers, we often presume that we know what is meant by critical thinking.” A quote by Jane S. Halonen in the article, Demystifying Critical Thinking. Also McPeck (1981) suggested that the phrase "critical thinking" is paradoxically both "overworked and under-analyzed"....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays] 949 words
(2.7 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay about Critical Thinking and Decision-Making - Critical Thinking and Decision-Making The purpose of this paper is to explain critical thinking and decision-making by different examples, models, and show how it is used in everyday life. Everyone uses critical thinking and decision-making all the time, most of the time without recognition and involuntary and it starts from the time you wake up in the morning till you go to bed. There are three components for every decision made and they are: 1.Criteria- the standards by which decision makers evaluate alternatives....   [tags: Critical Thinking Decisions]
:: 2 Works Cited
1887 words
(5.4 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Research and Critical Thinking Essay - Research & Critical Thinking Research and critical thinking is such a crucial entity in the world of every single science and our every day lives. While a biologist is testing the effects of carbon monoxide on the environment, a little girl is pointing in the sky counting how many colors there are in a rainbow. Both of these scenarios involve research and critical thinking but are extremely different. There are no guidelines for the little girl but there are many that the biologist has to follow....   [tags: Critical Thinking Essays] 1132 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Thinking Critically Essay - We have covered many topics during the last five weeks, including decision-making models, fallacies and their significance to critical thinking, analyzing work-related situations, and tools and techniques that we can use to solve, fix and head off problems. I would like to sum up the course reviewing how ethics influence our daily decision-making as well as touching on the impact technology has had on work-related stress. The Influence of Ethics on Decision-Making Most businesses that offer leadership-training courses stress the need for human skills throughout all managerial levels....   [tags: Decision Making Critical Thinking] 1170 words
(3.3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]