Weir and Kesey explore the struggle for independence through how the setting changes as the plots of the two texts progress. In Dead Poet Society the students face a struggle for their independence and individuality. Through their acts of fighting conformity, they enter a cave where they embrace what they truly feel by doing what they want and not what someone else tells them to. In the beginning of the film the students would blindly follow the ideas of the four pillars; Tradition, Honour, Discipline, Excellence. All of the students were star learners and destined for great things, however, none of them were given any choice in the matter. Mr. Keating inspires the young students to think about how to express them and realize they must do what they believe in. Similarly, as the story progresses in One Flew over the Cuckoo’s Nest, the setting changed from the very organized world created by Nurse Ratched, into the chaotic world brought with the arrival of McMurphy as a war between the two breaks out. Much of Nurse Ratched’s power is focused on keeping out the outside world. When McMurphy arrives, he is a breath of fresh air for the p...
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...ter both characters sacrifices themselves they pass on what they have learned and allowed others to beat their struggle for independence. Chief leaves the institution and the students stand up against Principle Nolan with what they believe in. Weir and Kesey use these characters to inspire and support those who struggle for independence and use their characterization as a technique to do so.
As seen in both texts, the authors similarly used techniques such as the changing in setting as the plot progresses, the self-sacrifice of the characters that inspired the fight for independence, and the symbols that keep us at a comfortable dependent level that does not allow an individual to be free and independent. Weir and Kesey critically examine the struggle for independence and express the idea through literary techniques such as setting, symbolism, and characterization.
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