Almost starting from the first chapters, both writers don’t flinch from bringing out the corruptions of different institutions of human societies. Whether it is religious, governmental or judicial, the establishments that use the human ability to reason in ugly ways that lead to mass destructions are mentioned throughout both Candide and Gulliver’s Travels. Voltaire is strict about the idea of humans possessing the capability of becoming good or evil by choice. This idea gets explored in detail throughout Candide by the decisions and actions of the characters. Of the human nature Voltaire states, “God gave them neither twenty-four-pound cannon nor bayonets, yet they have manufactured both in order to destroy themselves” (383). This quote communicates Voltaire’s notion about human capacity to not only engage in harmful acts but also to create new devices to take part in even more tremendous detriments. Swift, who also explores and criticizes every aspect of human society, comments on humanity’s lust f...
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...h the valour of my own dear countrymen, I assured him, "that I had seen them blow up a hundred enemies at once in a siege, and as many in a ship, and beheld the dead bodies drop down in pieces from the clouds, to the great diversion of the spectators" (311). Swift elaborates the destructive nature of war by this quotation. He, just a Voltaire does, shows his contempt in the ways people have found to kill one another by developing new technologies.
Voltaire and Swift, as great satirists, have found various ways to embed social issues that are overlooked in times. In discussing the issues of war they both excel at being influential for readers of all times. But at the end it’s distressing that most of the issues talked about the societies of the 18th century can still apply to the modern world. War especially still affects people in more ways than can be counted.
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