Voltaire used satire as a means of exploiting flaws in England and philosophical optimism. He targeted religion, war and social pride as well. Voltaire executed the idea of optimism through extreme exaggeration. Candide learns optimism through Pangloss, the castle’s tutor. Through Pangloss, Candide learns a “metaphyisco-theologo-cosmolo-nigology.” His philosophical tenet is that since everything was made for a purpose, everything is necessarily for the best purpose. (Voltaire). Voltaire uses Pangloss’ teachings, mixed with hyperbole, to satirize philosophies such as this. Along with exaggeration, Voltaire also used ironic expression, using affirmation of a subject through negating the opposite of the subject. Voltaire ironically uses euphemisms to enhance the comedy of his satire. Voltaire’s satire has a tendency to be insincere when using euphemistic terms. Many satiric authors will use this tactic to avoid bluntness or offensiveness (Magher). However, Voltaire satiri...
... middle of paper ...
...urney. Swift inexplicitly points out the human nature problems of our society and greed throughout the land. Greed is human nature, but Swift perceived Europe to have social issues with greed, bringing to light the hidden unhappiness behind a dollar.
Swift and Voltaire’s writing styles comparatively lined up with the use of satire. The political aspect of the turmoil and grief in Europe translated both into Gulliver’s Travels and Candide. Philosopher’s were prevalent in the Enlightenment and criticized through the works of Swift and Voltaire. The irrational of human reason and new thinking caused turmoil within society and Voltaire and Swift brought it to light. While different works, we can see similarities through the writing style of satire, philosophical viewpoints, and human pride and societal issues of the nineteenth century in Gulliver’s Travels and Candide.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- ... He details, “Passing by mounds of the dead and dying, he came to a nearby village which had been burnt to the ground. It was an Abare village, which the Bulgars had burned, in strict accordance with the laws of war. Here old men, stunned from beatings, watched the last agonies of their butchered wives, who still clutched their infants to their bleeding breasts; there, disemboweled girls, who had first satisfied the natural needs of various heroes, breathed their last; others, half-scorched in the flames, begged for their death stroke.... [tags: War, Violence, Religion, Acts of the Apostles]
1447 words (4.1 pages)
- A Comparison of the Satire of Candide and Gulliver's Travels An impartial observer has the ability to make the most critical and objective observation on society and the behavior of man. This impartial observer would see the truth as it is. This same premise may be applied to literary works. A naive character or narrator may be used as an impartial observer, who reveals social truths to the audience through his or her naivete. As Maurois has noted, in writing about Candide, by Voltaire," It was novel of apprenticeship, that is, the shaping of an adolescent's ideas by rude contact with the universe" (101).... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
2203 words (6.3 pages)
- Naivete and Satire in Jonathan Swifts' Gulliver's Travels and Voltaire's Candide A child has the ability to make the most critical and objective observation on society and the behavior of man. How is this possible. A child has yet to mature and lacks proper education and experience. However, it is for this very reason that a child would make the perfect social scientist; his or her naivete may provide an excellent means of objective criticism and most often satire. A child's curious nature and hunger for knowledge would bring about an unbiased questioning of social structures, minus the brainwashing of these very institutions, and his or her vulnerability would expose any soc... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
2286 words (6.5 pages)
- One must sometimes wonder what an ideal utopian world would be like. The first things to come to mind would probably rather trivial, such as golden roads, chocolate fountains, etc. However, the underlying core of what a utopian society would be like is one that would have an abundance of two seemingly unknown words, morality and humanity. Morality and humanity would be the greatest grace for any society to have, for any government to be driven by. Sadly, this is usually not, nor has it really ever been, the case.... [tags: utopia, government, Literary Comparison]
1548 words (4.4 pages)
- The Confused Males of Montesquieu’s Persian Letters, Voltaire’s Candide, Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Sterne’s Tristram Shandy, and Rousseau’s First and Second Discourses “Now my father was then holding one of his second beds of justice, and was musing within himself about the hardships of matrimony, as my mother broke silence.— —My brother Toby, quoth she, is going to be married to Mrs. Wadman.” —Then he will never, quoth my father, be able to lie diagonally in his bed again as long as he lives.” (Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy) The eighteenth century, what a magnificent time—a contemporary critic is likely to exclaim, and indeed it was.... [tags: Candide]
2498 words (7.1 pages)
- ... In his Theodicée, published in 1710, he described a cordial universe in which all events are linked to a chain of cause and effect, and in which evil is satisfied by some greater good that may not be limited to the human mind. The English poet Pope expressed similar views. In his early life, Voltaire usually looked on the brighter side of things. Starting in 1752, however, his writings show evidence of pessimism. On November 1, 1755, an earthquake in Lisbon, Portugal, killed between thirty and forty thousand people.... [tags: Candide, Voltaire, Lisbon, 1755 Lisbon earthquake]
1313 words (3.8 pages)
- Satirical works cause the reader to delve into the story and search for the message, rather than telling a story straightforwardly like newspaper articles do. Both Swift and Voltaire succeed in using and applying satire to their work in order to explain to the readers the life-hood of the eighteenth century. Even though, their stories might be fictional you can certainly recognize some events that really did happen in the past, for example, the idea of Spanish colonization of the Americas to search for gold, the idea of wars, and many other similarities.... [tags: satirical work, voyages, violence]
1057 words (3 pages)
- Comparing the Social Criticism of Voltaire's Candide and Samuel Johnson's Rasselas Samuel Johnson and Voltaire were both writers of enormous social conscience in the eighteenth century. It is not surprising then to discover that both men wrote short tales dealing primarily with criticism of the human condition. Ironically, these books were written and published within weeks of each other in 1759 (Enright 16). Johnson's Rasselas and Voltaire's Candide are strikingly similar in their use of the episodic and romantic picaresque motifs.... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
2001 words (5.7 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide: The Transformation of Candide Candide (1991), which is another version of "Voltaire" by French writer Francois-Marie Arouet, is a short but diverse story that tells of a young man's journey for love and the hardships he faces all the while keeping a very strong, positive and philosophical outlook on life. The book starts in an unknown year, hinted sometime around the Renaissance, with a young man named Candide. Candide loves the princess of a Baron and is banished from the land because of it.... [tags: Voltaire Candide Essays]
1089 words (3.1 pages)
- Voltaire's Candide Voltaire, whose real name was Francois Marie Arouet, was a man whose cynical style of writing brought attention upon himself, both in the positive aspect and in the negative. Francois associated himself with a group of politically power-hungry people who held a frantic hatred against the duke of Orleans. He was wrongly believed to have printed two libelous poems that defaced the duke and due to the false accusation he was imprisoned in the Bastille.... [tags: Voltaire Candide]
1025 words (2.9 pages)