Analysis Of The Underground And Margaret Atwood 's Oryx And Crake Essay

Analysis Of The Underground And Margaret Atwood 's Oryx And Crake Essay

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In Fyodor Dostoevsky’s Notes from the Underground and Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake, discuss the modification of the natural world and human nature. The books come from different perspectives but discuss these same ideas. Notes from the Underground comes from the perspective of a man who is somewhat in hiding in a small corner of a room with a servant in an attempt to escape the outside world of Petersburg, Russia. While Oryx and Crake comes from a boy who is also living on the outskirts of society but travels in an effort to escape the tragedy at home.
In Notes from the Underground, the narrator claims that the natural world follows its own rules and laws regardless of human desires. He describes this by saying that “Nature doesn’t ask your permission; it doesn’t care about your wishes or whether you like its laws or not. You’re obliged to accept it as it is and consequently all its results as well” (13). It is not as though nature cares if humans are content with what it is doing, it acts by its own will so much that humans cannot try to control or alter it, they can only adapt.
In Oryx and Crake, we are transported into a period of time in which the natural world is already being modified. On page 292, Jimmy and Crake go to lunch at a five-star restaurant which tells us that this food is the best of the best in the current society. We learn that Jimmy eats a meat that is called “kanga-lamb” which is “a new Australian splice that combined the placid character and high-protein yield of the sheep with the kangaroo’s resistance to disease and absence of methane-producing, ozone-destroying flatulence” (292). This creation of a new animal benefits the natural world by eliminating a negative attribute of sheep, the methane fla...


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...sing an analogy of a toothache saying that although a toothache is painful, the one suffering does not remain silent rather he moans and “The moans express the pleasure of the one who is suffering; if they did not give him pleasure, he wouldn’t bother moaning” (14). The author goes on to explain that the moans do not alleviate any of the pain, rather they are used as a way to make those around the one in pain suffer as well. “Yet he knows that his moans will be of no use to him; he knows better than anyone that he is only straining and irritating himself and others in vain” (15). This pain inflicted on those around, is a way to get pleasure out of an irritating situation.
The narrator also claims that by a utopian society trying to modify this presumed negative aspect of life, pain, some freedom is taken away by people not being able to “moan to those around them ”

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