Analysis Of The Republic Of Plato 's Republic Essay example

Analysis Of The Republic Of Plato 's Republic Essay example

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In Book II of Plato’s Republic, Glaucon seeks to define what justice is and whether it could truly be considered an end in itself. He starts by asserting that there are three types of good. First there are goods that we choose out pure enjoyment and pleasure, these goods have no negative after effects. Second are the goods that are valued for what they are in and of themselves not just the good that comes from them. Thirdly there are the goods that an individual will only pursue because of what they believe they will acquire, not for what they are themselves.(36) Glaucon believes that justice should be placed in the second tier of goods where everything of intrinsic value is also placed. However he goes on to explain that the majority of people actually approach justice as if it were in the third tier of goods, which implies that justice is only something people follow unwillingly to gain the positive opinion it garners afterward. (36) Glaucon then renews the discussion that the life of the “unjust man, is after all, far better than that of the just man”. As part of his argument, Glaucon states what he claims most people consider the nature of justice to be and where it originates from.
For Glaucon, to practice “injustice is naturally good and suffering injustice bad, but that the bad in suffering injustice far exceeds the good in doing it” this leads to a scenario when people do injustice to each other and both parties involved suffer from it, they immediately acknowledge that if they cannot get away from the suffering produced by injustice, than perhaps they should create a “compact among themselves neither to do injustice or to suffer it”.(36-37) This is the origin and essence of justice. It is a middle ground betwee...


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...l used to pursue and obtain what one desires to be an apparent good for himself. Also Glaucon’s unjust man and the fool wish to be seen as just and honorable individuals, this perception is to be sought at any cost. The unjust man and the fool will not hesitate to use any means necessary, up to and including violence, in order to maintain an heir of justice around their personas. The differences appear to be that for the fool justice is and always will be just a means to an end, however Glaucon 's unjust man has the perfectly just man as contrast. Both Hobbes and Glaucon move in the direction that although such actions of the perfectly unjust and the fool are effective in providing oneself a happier life they are nonetheless destructive to humanity as a whole in the long run. This is where the argument for justice as an intrinsic good is potentially established.

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