School of Foreign Languages, CWNU, Nanchong, China, 637009
Abstract: Emily Dickinson is the greatest female poet in American literature who leaves a large number of questions to the researchers. She wrote about 1775 poems in her whole life. In these works, there are more than 500 of them concerned about “death”. In this essay we will talk about the thanatopsis of Emily Dickinson in her work. We will talk about the thanatopsis from three aspects: the classification, the thanatopsis in her works and the cause of her thanatopsis.
Keywords: Emily Dickinson; death; thanatopsis
Death is always a common theme in literature in not only old days but also present time, but in most of the case, death is described as a bad and horrible thing. Emily Dickinson is one of the most outstanding poets who write about the theme of death. In American literature, she is considered as one of the top three poets with Edgar Allan Poe and Whiteman. Her poems always have special using of punctuation, rhythm and image in writing about religion, death, love, nature and poetic art. That is why she makes a significant contribution to the American literature, especially in the poems write about her own feelings and thoughts about death.
Different from the thoughts about death of other writers, Dickinson has her own opinion about it. In her lifetime, she wrote about 1800 poems and more than one third of them are concerned about the theme of death. Because of the unafraid and easy attitude to death, Emily Dickinson’s poems about death give people the sacred and kind feelings. How could she manage to write such beautiful and vivid poems when she always stayed at home? How did Dickinson’s thanatopsis come ...
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As the greatest woman poet in America, Dickinson did a lot of contributions to the English poetry. Besides the special rhyme, grammar, punctuation and image, Dickinson’s thanatopsis is also the hot topic of the researchers in so many years. On the posthumous papers of Emily Dickinson, there are only the words “called back” on it which clearly show her view about death that death is nothing horrible, and the soul will be called back to an immortal place after the death of the physical body. Be influenced by Christian thoughts and the death of her friends and families, the thanatopsis of Dickinson became special and optimistic. In many of her poems, death is only the necessary period of life which can lead people to eternal. Not striking an attitude in the poem, but dissected her own soul and feelings, this is the main tenet of Emily Dickinson.
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