Considering Dublin's symbiotic relationship with its people, we can resolve Seamus Deane's paradoxical summation of the city as necessarily being: "nowhere and everywhere, absence and presence"3, as Dublin pervades its characters' thoughts without becoming personified. The characters' paralysis and self-abnegation in the face of their desires is readily explained by an unbreakable link to Dublin; which evokes Friedrich Nietzsche in Beyond Goo...
... middle of paper ...
9: Ibid., p.104.
10: Ibid., p.116.
11: Lenihan, Richard, 'Joyce's City' in James Joyce: The Augmented Ninth, ed. Bernard Benstock; Syracuse Press (1988), p.249.
12: Wirth-Nesher, Hana, 'Reading Joyce's City: Public Space, Self and Gender in Dubliners' in James Joyce: The Augmented Ninth, ed. Bernard Benstock; Syracuse Press (1988), p.282.
13: Brooks, Cleanth, 'The Formalist Critics' in Literary Theory: An Anthology (Second Edition), ed. Julie Rivkin and Michael Ryan, Blackwell Publishing (2004), p.24.
14: Levin, Harry, James Joyce: A Critical Introduction, Norfolk Conn.: New Directions, (1941), 198.
15: Joyce, James, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, ed. Max Bollinger; published by Urban Romantics (London 2011), p.224.
16: Joyce, James, On Ibsen, ed. Dennis Phillips, published by Green Integer (1999), p.24.
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