Analysis Of The Impressionist Movement Of The 19th Century Essay

Analysis Of The Impressionist Movement Of The 19th Century Essay

Length: 1955 words (5.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Mary Stevenson Cassatt (1844 –1926), one of the leading artists in the Impressionist movement of the later part of the nineteenth century, is known for her depictions of the social and private lives of women, with particular emphasis on the intimate bonds between mothers and children. After visiting a large exhibition of Japanese woodblock prints (ukiyo-e) at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris in April 1890, Mary Cassatt began to experiment with different print techniques. In 1890-1891, Cassatt produced a series of ten colored drypoint and aquatint prints in open admiration of ukiyo-e prints, which became a milestone in graphic art and Impressionist printmaking. With the growing popularity of Japanese woodcuts during the 1890s, Cassatt’s relationship to Japanese ukiyo-e is generally recognized and widely discussed. However, the term, “Japanese influence”, is overused by art historians and critics in the discussion of Mary Cassatt’s prints. It is confusing and misleading for art historians and critics to use the term “Japanese influence” while referring it to different aspects. ‘“Influence” is the curse of art criticism’, wrote Michael Baxandall (1985) in an ‘Excursus against influence’ in his methodological book, Patterns of Intention: on the Historical Explanation of Pictures. “To think in terms of influence blunts thought by impoverishing the means of differentiation.”

“If one says that X influenced Y it does seem that one is saying that X did something to Y rather than Y did something to X. But in the consideration of good pictures and painters the second is always the more lively reality… If we think of Y rather than X as the agent, the vocabulary is much richer and more attractively diversified: drawn on, resort to, avail...

... middle of paper ...

...satt had known of the prints before 1890, but the exhibition provided a new stimulus and she bought from it many examples of work by the leading Ukiyo-e masters. Cassatt then started her experiments with printing and took her own printmaking in a highly innovative direction in admiration of the Japanese prints.
It is intentional that Cassatt cites the “atmosphere” of Ukiyo-e. In Cassatt’s letter in 1906 to Frank Weitenkampf, print curator of the New York Public Library, Cassatt described her methods:

“I was entirely ignorant of the method when I began, and as all the plates were colored by me. I varied sometimes the manner of applying the color. The set of ten plates was done with the intention of attempting an imitation of Japanese methods; of course I abandoned that somewhat after the first plate (The Bath), and tried more for atmosphere.”

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Museum For The Impressionist Exhibit

- I recently went to the DeYoung Museum for the Impressionist exhibit. The paintings were exquisite, as expected, but what was shocking was only one female artist out of all the others shown, were by male artists. It parallels with what I have been learning in class, that women artist were completely underrepresented and suppressed because of their gender. I will be describing a brief synopsis about Mary Cassatt’s life. Then I will be talking about the subject of the woman, her mother, in the painting....   [tags: Impressionism, Art, Pastel, Edgar Degas]

Better Essays
1127 words (3.2 pages)

19th Century Art Essay

- 19th Century Art During the 19th century, a great number of revolutionary changes altered forever the face of art and those that produced it. Compared to earlier artistic periods, the art produced in the 19th century was a mixture of restlessness, obsession with progress and novelty, and a ceaseless questioning, testing and challenging of all authority. Old certainties about art gave way to new ones and all traditional values, systems and institutions were subjected to relentless critical analysis....   [tags: Art History]

Better Essays
1241 words (3.5 pages)

The Great 19th Century Impressionists Influenced By Japanese Art Essay

- The great 19th century Impressionists were influenced by Japanese art. This influence, termed Japonisme, is seen in the art of Manet, Degas, Cassatt and others. Although often less recognized than European male Impressionists, Mary Cassatt brought unique perspective and subject matter to Impressionism. Portrayed as a detriment in Griselda Pollock’s Modernity and the Spaces of Femininity, the spaces of feminity that "limited" female impressionists in the 19th century made it possible for women artists like Cassatt to experiment with scenes of daily life and adapt the new Japonisme style, which included a centuries old technique of printmaking popular in Japan....   [tags: Impressionism, Mary Cassatt, Berthe Morisot]

Better Essays
1158 words (3.3 pages)

Changes in the First 15 Years of the 20th Century Europe Essays

- First 15 years of the 20th century show the changes in the theory, and practice art, among the modern artiest in western world. First 15 years were remarkable, they compare with great and advance science and technology of same time. It was time of growing instance in western culture, and continued rapid industrial of imperial aboard, and rivalry in the Europe. During the 20th century Paris was focus of modernism. In the 19th century scientist discover the theory, which were not just question of our way of seeing things, but show the very natural reality itself....   [tags: European History, 1900s]

Better Essays
628 words (1.8 pages)

The Spanish And Italian Literatures Of The 19th Century Essay

- My research explores political essay in the Spanish and Italian literatures of the second half of the nineteenth century. In particular, I analyze the perception of a “national/supranational conscience” to prove how European liberal thinkers in nineteenth century attempt to build and establish a supranational entity. As “supranational” I intend a shift in international politics - constituted by the agreement among sovereign states - to create common structures of power and identity (Neyer 2012)....   [tags: Europe, European Union, 19th century, Spain]

Better Essays
1002 words (2.9 pages)

Critical Analysis on The Scream by Edvard Munch Essay example

- Critical Analysis on The Scream by Edvard Munch Edvard Munch was born on December 12 1863 in Loten Norway. He moved to Christiana, and spent most of his childhood there. Both his mother and his oldest sister suffered from tuberculosis and died before he reached the age of 14. At 18 he became more serious about his art and started attending art school. Edvard finally found a release for the pain he felt from his sister’s death. In 1886 he painted “The Sick Child”. The painting was so emotionally charged that it received a lot of criticism from the press and the public....   [tags: a critical analysis]

Better Essays
1606 words (4.6 pages)

The Social Norms Of The 19th Century Essay

- For a young women, the idea of motherhood means taking on the ultimate responsibility of caring for a defenseless child in spite of the youth and inexperience. To complicate matters, include the social norms of the 19th century that young women should not have children out of wedlock and a lack of personal independence since most young women do not have livable income and a space to call her own. These norms are enforced upon young women so much that typically their only hope of survival is with the help of a patriarchal figure....   [tags: Sociology, Marriage, Love, 19th century]

Better Essays
1603 words (4.6 pages)

A Male Dominated Society During the 19th Century Essay

- During the 19th century, women were controlled by a male dominated society. The women were in pure agony knowing that there was no faith for them to have a crucial change in civilization. This could often lead to “clinical depression” in which a human could feel lonely, empty, confounded and miserable. In this time period, women’s role in society was to be simply mothers and wives. A world where women had rights, control, and power was a fantasy. According to Hall, he states, “Key to all feminist methodologies is the belief that patriarchal oppression of women through history has been profound and multifaceted” (Hall 202)....   [tags: women's role, 19th century, the awakening]

Better Essays
963 words (2.8 pages)

American Capitalist Society In The 19th Century Essay

- Herman Melville’s Utilization of Bartleby the Scrivener: the Story of Wall Street As a Means of Criticizing Capitalism and Its Crimes Against Humanity Herman Melville's "Bartleby, The Scrivener: A Story of Wall Street" scrutinizes the alienation of labor, the social ideologies and the dehumanizing consequences of the American capitalist society in the 19th century. Bartleby is the main character in the story. The other characters in the story, Ginger Nut, Nippers and Turkey, barely survive their pragmatic enslavement because they have been brainwashed by the ideology of complying and acknowledging their given place in society....   [tags: 19th Century America]

Better Essays
1834 words (5.2 pages)

Essay about Women During The 19th Century

- Traditionally, women during the 19th century were expected to submit to the patriarch of the house and obediently follow his commands and the commands of society. According to Elaine Fortin, writer of “Early Nineteenth Century Attitudes Toward Women,” society’s expectations of married women included catering to their husbands by caring for the children, performing household chores, and preparing all meals so their husbands could focus all of their attention “on the matters of the world.” To broaden this definition of a wife’s duties during the 19th century, Judy Brady, an activist for women’s rights and renowned author, said women had to satisfy their husbands sexually but refrained from sol...   [tags: Gender, Feminism, Jimmy Carter, 19th century]

Better Essays
1263 words (3.6 pages)