Analysis Of The Book ' The Iliad ' Essays

Analysis Of The Book ' The Iliad ' Essays

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Homers first book was called the Iliad. This dynamic story tells of the struggles that happened in the Trojan War. Although it is fictional, this literary work gives us an insight of how the Greeks thought the world worked. Reading the first five books, there come an understanding of war and how the gobs played a leading role in all of it. This book glorified the Trojan War and follows a Greek warrior named Achilles.
To begin with, you can see the immense influence that the gods had on humans. In book one there is the induction of the Trojan War started nine years ago. Achilles was on the Achaeans side with his lead commander Agamemnon. Agamemnon captured two women, one of which was the daughter of a priest of the god Apollo. The priest demanded his daughter back but Agamemnon refused. Not knowing whom exactly he was dealing with, the priest prays for Apollo to help. Apollo then sends a plague to the Greeks camp. Agamemnon learns the cause of the plague, which makes him furious. He says he would only comply to giving up the daughter if he could take Achilles women as a replacement. The two start fighting and threatening each other. Achilles becomes so enraged that he draws a sword to stab the commander Agamemnon. The gods see this from above and Hera quickly sends Athena to help him with his anger. In the poem it says “To her Pelides:—"With regardful ear, ‘Tis just, O goddess! I thy dictates hear. Those who revere the gods the gods will bless." He said, observant of the blue-eyed maid; Then in the sheath return 'd the shining blade” (pg 17). This quote shows the amount of influence of how a god could change the way a person feels. The god Athena appeared only to Achilles because she believed he was going to do something every w...


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...d. He then argues that Menelaus has won the duel.
In the end, Achilles end up dragging Hectors died body around. Apollo tells him “A lion, not a man, who slaughters wide, In strength of rage, and impotence of pride; Who hastes to murder with a savage joy, Invades around, and breathes but to destroy!” (709) This is a big thing because back then they thought that the dead must have a proper burial in order to reach the heavens. Apollo did not want the body of Hector to be destroyed. He was upset that Achilles was being as cruel as to ruin Hector’s chances of heaven.
Reading the story, you get the sense of the terrible effect of Achilles anger. The gods had an enormous influence on how people acted. Its interesting to read how the gods toyed around with humans, picking sides, and debating on which one should win. It was as if the human world was just a game for them.

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Analysis Of The Book ' The Iliad ' Essays

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