According to Robert Martin, Whitman visualized democracy, not just as a political system, but also as a way of experiencing the world. When “Song of Myself” first published in 1855; there was an intense period in America. The country was already sharply divided on the issue of slavery, and the Civil War was emerging. However, Whitman had faith that the United States could be a place of freedom for all, although it would be difficult as there were a lot of injustices. Robert Martin mentioned that at the beginning of the nineteenth century, the American people still had doubts about whether the United States could survive as a country and about whether democracy could flourish as a political system. To dispel those fears and to praise democracy, Whitman tried to be democratic in both life and in poetry. On the other hand, an important point illustrated in Martin’s article is that the war tested Whitman’s faith of the American democratic vision, but he stated that liberty couldn’t be obtained from legal...
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...cular idea or source of inspiration, but in his combination of philosophical, mystical ideas and science. Martin highlights various events in Whitman’s life. He describes him as the voice of the speechless and silence. For example, he admires the way Whitman puts himself in the shoes of those people who suffered in the Civil War, and the manner in which he embrace society to be better by describing his American experience. For this reason, Robert Martin wants to exemplify in his article “Walt Whitman’s Different Lights” how the contribution of Whitman to have a unify and democratic society, to see sexuality beyond our value judgments and see death as a fortunate thing, and not something to fear have not been taken into consideration. The intention of his article is a call of attention for American society to start living and appreciating life, as Whitman wanted it.
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