Due to longer life expectancy and the rapid increase of the world’s population, the pharmaceutical industry is becoming increasingly important. The problem of aging population and high healthcare cost is particularly serious in Japan. This essay will focus on a Japanese drug maker – Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (Takeda, the company). First, in order to provide background information, the current business model and relevant information of Takeda will be outlined and analysed based on financial data and the company’s annual reports. Second, the essay will examine the most significant challenges that the company has faced over the past five years, including the cause and effect behind this challenges. Finally, the discussion will be looking at the pharmaceutical industry as a whole, exploring the merger and acquisition activities of large pharmaceutical firms in the world, i.e. Big Pharma.
Before discussing the business model of Takeda, it is essential to understand the concept of the term ‘business model’, and develop a framework with key components for analysis. This term first showed up in 1975 (Ghaziana and Ventresca, 2005), and after that year, many scholars, consultants, and other business institutions added various kinds of ideas and methods to explore and interpret the concept of ‘business model’. Some indicate that what business model provide is the construct mediating the value creation process between the technical inputs and economic outputs (Chesbrough and Rosenbloom, 2002), whereas other perceive business model as a system that is made up of components, linkages between the components, and dynamics (Afuah and Tucci, 2000).
However, because Takeda is research-based pharmaceutic...
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...nline]. Available at: http://www.marketline.com/ (Accessed at: 15 December 2013)
Maris, D. (2012) ‘What’s Really Driving the Pharma M&A Frenzy’, Forbes, 27 April [Online]. Available at: http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidmaris/2012/04/27/pharma-feeding-frenzy/ (Accessed at: 15 December 2013)
Scherer, A. (2012) ‘M&A in Big Pharma: Holy Grail or Buying Time’, Contract Pharma, 21 Mar [Online]. Available at: http://www.contractpharma.com/contents/view_experts-opinion/2012-03-21/ma-in-big-pharma/#sthash.NnrBSo3O.dpuf (Accessed at: 15 December 2013)
Takeda (2011) 2011 Annual Report
Takeda (2012) 2012 Annual Report
Takeda (2013) 2013 Annual Report
Takeda (2011) ‘Takeda to Acquire Nycomed’, Takeda’s Official Website, 19 May. [Online]. Available at: http://www.tpi.takeda.com/media/news-releases/2011/takeda-to-acquire-nycomed/ (Accessed at: 15 December 2013)
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